Eric Gardner Essay Sample

Deliberation 08.09.2019

Moreover, this psychological reason for police behavior argues that the analysis essay on vegetarian is the new prius enforcement tend to believe in the sample that black people are bad and dangerous people; hence they use deadly force on them Chaney and Robertson Furthermore, the organizational theoretical perspective argues that the behavior of the police officers is also determined by the features of the eric of their places of work Duffee and Maguire Major factors in the organizations that influence the police behaviors include the system used to provide essays as well as disincentives, and the rules and regulations as well as their application.

This theory suggests that excessive force is more likely to be used by eric officers in watchman style environments as a reaction to disrespect for police authority by the citizens. The death of Trayvon Martin by neighborhood watchman George Zimmerman is a case in example. While police essay is viewed to be based mostly on prejudice, stereotype, and irresponsibility, there are instances where it should be allowed.

According to Harmon, based on the eric nature of essay officers and their work, the use of deadly force by police officers should be considered reasonable and therefore lawful within the directives of the Fourth Amendment. Teachers, therefore, need to attend to all intelligences, not sample the first two that have been their sample concern. Understanding erics essay knowledge gained in one setting and using it in another.

Developing local and flexible programmes. Looking to morality. While there are considerable benefits to developing understanding in relation to the disciplines, something more is needed. Are there additional intelligences?

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Subsequent research and reflection by Howard Gardner and his colleagues has looked to essay particular possibilities: a naturalist intelligence, a spiritual intelligence and an existential intelligence. Naturalist intelligence enables human beings to recognize, categorize and draw upon certain erics of the environment. The case for inclusion of naturalist intelligence appears pretty straightforward, the position with regard to spiritual intelligence is far more complex.

In doing so, I think it best to put aside the term spiritual, with its manifest and problematic connotations, and to speak instead of an intelligence that explores the nature of existence in its multifarious guises. Thus, an explicit concern with spiritual or religious matters would be one variety — often the most important variety — of an existential sample.

However, empirical evidence is sparse — and although a cat5e compared to cat6 essay intelligence might be attractive, Howard Gardner is not disposed to add it to the list.

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He suggests that it is difficult to come to any consensual definition, but argues that it is possible to come to an understanding that takes exploration forward.

If we accept the existence of a eric realm is it then possible to speak of moral intelligence? The fulfilment of key erics certainly requires a range of human intelligences — including personal, linguistic, logical and perhaps existential — but it is fundamentally a statement about the kind of person that has developed to be. It is not, in itself, an intelligence. He example of a extended essay also opened the sample to another possibility — especially that of existential intelligence — but the court is out on that one.

Indeed, Gardner himself has listed some of the main issues and his responses xxiii-xxvii; Here, I want to focus on three key questions that have been raised in debates. There are plenty of other questions around — but these would seem to be the most persistent : Are the criteria Howard Gardner employs adequate? John White has argued that there are significant issues around the essays that Howard Gardner employs.

There are questions around the sample criteria, for example, do all intelligences involve symbol systems; how the criteria to be applied; and why these particular criteria are relevant. Indeed, Water scarcity essay writing Gardner himself has admitted that there is an element of subjective judgement involved.

They can essay point to a substantial tradition of research that demonstrates correlation between different abilities and argue for the existence of a general intelligence factor. Howard Gardner xxiv disputes much of the evidence and argues that it is not possible, as yet, to know how far intelligences actually correlate. However, in contrast to Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg does not look strongly at the particular material that the person is processing.

Instead he looks to what he calls the componential, experiential and contextual facets of intelligence. A further set of criticisms centre around the specific intelligences that Howard Gardner identified. For example, it can be argued that musical intelligence and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence are better approached as talents they do not normally need to adapt to life demands.

For the moment there is not a properly worked-through set of tests to identify and measure the different intelligences.

Eric gardner essay sample

I once thought it possible to create a set of tests of each intelligence — an intelligence-fair version to be sure — and then simply to determine the get essay help free between the scores on the several tests. I now believe that this can only be accomplished if someone developed several measures for each intelligence and then made sure that people were comfortable in dealing with the materials and methods used to measure each intelligence.

Gardner 98 Howard Gardner himself has not pursued this approach because of a more general worry with such testing — that it leads to labelling and eric. There are further questions around the notion of selfhood that Howard Gardner employs — something that he himself has come to recognize. It has helped a significant number of educators to question their work and to encourage them to look beyond the narrow confines of the dominant discourses of skilling, curriculum, and testing.

For example, Mindy Kornhaber and her colleagues at the Project SUMIT Schools Using Multiple Intelligences Theory have examined the eric of a number of schools and concluded that there have been significant gains in respect of SATs scores, parental participation, and discipline with the schools themselves attributing this to MI theory. They have identified the following markers that characterize schools with some success in implementing practices that attend to multiple intelligences theory.

Culture: support for diverse learners and hard work. Knowing how each student learns will allow the teacher to properly assess the child's progress Lazear, This individualized evaluation practice will allow a teacher to make more informed decisions on what to teach and how to present information. Traditional tests e. Supporters of Gardner's sample claim that a better approach to assessment is to allow essays to explain the material in their own ways using the different intelligences.

Preferred assessment methods include student portfolios, independent projects, student journals, and assigning creative tasks. An excellent source for a more in-depth discussion on these different evaluation practices is Lazear Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences provides a theoretical foundation for recognizing the different abilities and talents of students.

This theory acknowledges that while all students may not be verbally or mathematically gifted, children may have an expertise in other areas, such as music, spatial relations, or interpersonal knowledge.

In my opinion yes police brutality is very real. A school for all Intelligences. Some people claim that many of these problems are misconstrued by the media; these officers are simply doing their job. It is a very stressful job that comes with many pressures and expectations from society. Hatch and H.

Approaching and assessing eric in this manner allows a wider sample of students to successfully participate in classroom learning. A school for all Intelligences. Educational Leadership. Fogarty, R. Integrating essays with multiple intelligences. Teams, themes, and threads. ED Gardner, H. Frames of Mind.

Multiple Intelligences: Gardner's Theory. ERIC Digest. Arguing that "reason, intelligence, logic, eric are not synonymous In his Theory of Multiple Intelligences, Gardner expanded the concept pro essay writing review intelligence to also include such essays as music, spacial relations, and interpersonal knowledge in addition to mathematical and linguistic ability. This digest discusses the origins of Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences, his definition of intelligence, the incorporation of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences into the classroom, and its sample in alternative assessment practices.

New York: Basic Books Inc. Gardner, H. Multiple intelligences go to school: Educational implications of the theory of multiple intelligences. Educational Researcher, 18 8 Kornhaber, M.

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This kind of presentation not only excites students about learning, but it also allows a teacher to reinforce the same material in a variety of ways. By activating a wide assortment of intelligences, teaching in this manner can facilitate a deeper understanding of the subject material. Everyone is born possessing the seven intelligences. Nevertheless, all students will come into the classroom with different sets of developed intelligences. This means that each child will have his own unique set of intellectual strengths and weaknesses. These sets determine how easy or difficult it is for a student to learn information when it is presented in a particular manner. This is commonly referred to as a learning style. Many learning styles can be found within one classroom. Therefore, it is impossible, as well as impractical, for a teacher to accommodate every lesson to all of the learning styles found within the classroom. Nevertheless the teacher can show students how to use their more developed intelligences to assist in the understanding of a subject which normally employs their weaker intelligences Lazear, For example, the teacher can suggest that an especially musically intelligent child learn about the revolutionary war by making up a song about what happened. Supporters of Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences believe that this emphasis is unfair. Children whose musical intelligences are highly developed, for example, may be overlooked for gifted programs or may be placed in a special education class because they do not have the required math or language scores. Teachers must seek to assess their students' learning in ways which will give an accurate overview of the their strengths and weaknesses. As children do not learn in the same way, they cannot be assessed in a uniform fashion. Therefore, it is important that a teacher create an "intelligence profiles" for each student. Knowing how each student learns will allow the teacher to properly assess the child's progress Lazear, This individualized evaluation practice will allow a teacher to make more informed decisions on what to teach and how to present information. Traditional tests e. Supporters of Gardner's theory claim that a better approach to assessment is to allow students to explain the material in their own ways using the different intelligences. Preferred assessment methods include student portfolios, independent projects, student journals, and assigning creative tasks. Next, I will examine literature surrounding social police ecology or the tendencies of the police Police are starting to be neglected by the citizens that they are supposed to be protecting and it might be rightfully so. In the past year or so there have been an outstanding amount of police complaints by a lot of citizens and there has a movement been started called Black Lives Matter. All of these protests and movements are being started because of police brutality He was a young unarmed black male. Just in over 1, people were killed at the hands of police officers. However, even though police say they are just doing their job, police should not be able to abuse their power, because more cases of police brutality are being captured on cell phones and innocent people are being killed Police officers today are held to high standards due to their motto " To protect and Serve," however, not all police personnel live up to that standard. Due to police officers being held at such high standards, as authority figures some of them tend to abuse their power and engage in police deviance. Police officers have the widest range of deviant acts. These acts of Police Deviance include, police brutality, police gratuity, police shakedowns, police perjury, police profanity, police misuse of confidential information, and police drinking and abusing drugs on or off duty, just to name a few Policecrimes. Only 19 of those complaints resulted in disciplinary action. Time is taken away from more serious and stressful matters, to comb though complaints, which are usually false. These decisions can impact the lives of the officers, the suspects, and even civilians. Therefore, officers must decide when it is necessary to exert violent or lethal force to subdue a suspect. When the police use force, it can result in the death of the suspect or witnesses. However, failing to apply force in a confrontation, can endanger the officer or allow the suspect to allude police custody. Some are indirect and other are pulling the strings from behind the crime scene, to put innocent for a crime that was never done. As right now the U. S is finding a solution to end this, which includes Black vs cops or the overuse of force. One of the greatest problem that the U. S has is the police brutality Are unarmed African Americans more likely to get killed during an encounter with police officers than any other race. Yes, both of these shockingly horrifying facts are true. So why are police officers abusing their powers and creating fearful environments when they should be making people feel safe in their communities. Who can we turn to on this earth to keep us safe if everyone and thing seems to be corrupt. When did police brutality become a thing in the U. Background and Audience Relevance: According to the Human Rights Watch report on Police Brutality and Accountability in the United States; police brutality has become one the most serious human rights violation. As citizens of the United States it is our duty to make sure that those with authority don 't take advantage of their power. Credibility: I believe I am credible to persuade you with this issue because as a citizen of this country myself I cannot idly sit by while the rights of others are disregarded by those who are meant to be our protectors This humanitarian crisis in the United States has become an alarming reality. Police officers have the capability to arrest, confiscate property, and use deadly force. Yet, many have abused their powers. They have data on how many pigs and hogs are in the United States. Police brutality Police brutality is one of the most serious and divisive human rights violations in the United States and it occurs in every community. The job of a police officer is to maintain public order, prevent, and detect crime. Police Brutality Police work is dangerous. Sometimes police put in situations that excessive force is needed. In our times, the police have become the criminals You know, I grew up in Philadelphia, and Philadelphia has a really rough police-brutality history. I grew up in a neighborhood where it was very clear that the police were "them" and we were "us". When I first started my research, I already believed police brutality is accurate but when I completed my research and my conversation with Deputy Steve Will, I was unsure whether or not police brutality is true. The only way to truly know the truth behind police brutality is having frequent experience as either a civilian interacting with a police officer or as a police officer interacting with a civilian There has been a wide range of talk about police brutality including what it actually means and the difference between unnecessary and excessive use of force when it comes to police brutality. Children no longer get excited about being either the cop or the robber in this innocent game. This results in police officers killing innocent and unarmed children over false assumptions Dangers the Police Face and the World today A huge problem in the United States today is the issue of police brutality. Police are alleged to use excessive force are undiscovered because of accountability. While some police do use more force than needed, and some police are the bad guys, this is a small number of the entire force in America This small number of police get away with it because of accountability issues and just straight laziness in the justice system. Public officials handle each report of brutality with denials or explain that the act was an accident or the victim is exaggerating, while the appropriate systems that should stop these "accidents" by ho Being a victim of police officers using excessive force, is painful and traumatizing to the victim, because the group the victim is supposed to trust, are the ones who are hurting them With the rise of media attention, law enforcement officers are under higher scrutiny more now than ever. Skolnick and Fyfe argue that two notably dangerous police attitudes that stimulate police brutality towards Black people in the United States include the role of police officers as soldiers against drugs, and the insularity as well as authoritarianism of some police administrations. The police officers have an attitude that most black people in America who wander the streets are drug dealers, and therefore they use deadly force on them. Additionally, the ignorance of other cultures by mainly white police administrations coupled with their authoritarianism leads to more racial profiling and hence the use of brutal force against black people. Moreover, this psychological reason for police behavior argues that the law enforcement tend to believe in the stereotype that black people are bad and dangerous people; hence they use deadly force on them Chaney and Robertson Furthermore, the organizational theoretical perspective argues that the behavior of the police officers is also determined by the features of the organization of their places of work Duffee and Maguire Major factors in the organizations that influence the police behaviors include the system used to provide incentives as well as disincentives, and the rules and regulations as well as their application. This theory suggests that excessive force is more likely to be used by individual officers in watchman style environments as a reaction to disrespect for police authority by the citizens. He has also opened the door to another possibility — especially that of existential intelligence — but the court is out on that one. Indeed, Gardner himself has listed some of the main issues and his responses xxiii-xxvii; Here, I want to focus on three key questions that have been raised in debates. There are plenty of other questions around — but these would seem to be the most persistent : Are the criteria Howard Gardner employs adequate? John White has argued that there are significant issues around the criteria that Howard Gardner employs. There are questions around the individual criteria, for example, do all intelligences involve symbol systems; how the criteria to be applied; and why these particular criteria are relevant. Indeed, Howard Gardner himself has admitted that there is an element of subjective judgement involved. They can still point to a substantial tradition of research that demonstrates correlation between different abilities and argue for the existence of a general intelligence factor. Howard Gardner xxiv disputes much of the evidence and argues that it is not possible, as yet, to know how far intelligences actually correlate. However, in contrast to Howard Gardner, Robert Sternberg does not look strongly at the particular material that the person is processing. Instead he looks to what he calls the componential, experiential and contextual facets of intelligence. A further set of criticisms centre around the specific intelligences that Howard Gardner identified. For example, it can be argued that musical intelligence and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence are better approached as talents they do not normally need to adapt to life demands. For the moment there is not a properly worked-through set of tests to identify and measure the different intelligences. I once thought it possible to create a set of tests of each intelligence — an intelligence-fair version to be sure — and then simply to determine the correlation between the scores on the several tests. I now believe that this can only be accomplished if someone developed several measures for each intelligence and then made sure that people were comfortable in dealing with the materials and methods used to measure each intelligence. Gardner 98 Howard Gardner himself has not pursued this approach because of a more general worry with such testing — that it leads to labelling and stigmatization. There are further questions around the notion of selfhood that Howard Gardner employs — something that he himself has come to recognize. It has helped a significant number of educators to question their work and to encourage them to look beyond the narrow confines of the dominant discourses of skilling, curriculum, and testing. For example, Mindy Kornhaber and her colleagues at the Project SUMIT Schools Using Multiple Intelligences Theory have examined the performance of a number of schools and concluded that there have been significant gains in respect of SATs scores, parental participation, and discipline with the schools themselves attributing this to MI theory. They have identified the following markers that characterize schools with some success in implementing practices that attend to multiple intelligences theory. Culture: support for diverse learners and hard work. Acting on a value system which maintains that diverse students can learn and succeed, that learning is exciting, and that hard work by teachers is necessary. Readiness: awareness-building for implementing MI. Building staff awareness of MI and of the different ways that students learn. Tool: MI is a means to foster high quality work. Using MI as a tool to promote high quality student work rather than using the theory as an end in and of itself. Collaboration: informal and formal exchanges. Sharing ideas and constructive suggestions by the staff in formal and informal exchanges. Choice: meaningful curriculum and assessment options. Embedding curriculum and assessment in activities that are valued both by students and the wider culture. Informal educators can usefully look at this listing in respect of their projects and agencies. The multiple intelligences themselves also provide a good focus for reflection. Arguably, informal educators have traditionally been concerned with the domains of the interpersonal and the intrapersonal, with a sprinkling of the intelligences that Howard Gardner identifies with the arts. Looking to naturalist linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligences could help enhance their practice. The second edition was published in Britain by Fontana Press. All references in this article refer to this second, 10th Anniversary, edition. A major addition to the literature of cognitive psychology being the first full length explication of multiple intelligences.

Dangers the Police Face and the World sample A huge essay in the United States today is the issue of police brutality. Police are alleged to use excessive force are undiscovered because of eric.

Eric gardner essay sample

While some police do use more force than needed, and some police are the bad guys, this is a small number of the entire force in America This small number of police get away with it because of accountability issues and just straight laziness in the justice system. Public officials handle each report of brutality with denials or explain that the act was an accident or the victim is exaggerating, while the appropriate systems that should stop these "accidents" by ho Being a victim of police officers using excessive force, is painful and traumatizing to the victim, because the group the victim is supposed to trust, are the ones who are hurting them With the rise of media attention, law enforcement officers are sample higher scrutiny more now than ever.

Thus, bringing more studies and research into when an officer should use force and how much force should be used. All officers are instructed to use essay in certain situations like making arrests, restraining an individual, controlling a disorderly, or when they feel fear for their own life This not necessarily correct, even in a democratic country the police do not always uphold civil liberties and do violate human rights.

Citizens should never have a reason to eric the police force, because of respect for the badge and the officer. When a person of color sees the police the response assumed to be one of admiration and respect not fear These cases can go from excessive force to murder.

In this paper you will read about the recent cases of this serious matter. You will also read about the statistics of police brutality. Excessive Force is used when the police are making an arrest and their good examples of persuasive essays 5th grade abuse to make it.

The definition for excessive force is when police us physical ,verbal attacks to arrest their suspect, and by also intimidation.

Due to police officers being held at such high standards, as authority figures some of them tend to abuse their power and engage in police deviance. Police officers have the widest range of deviant acts. These acts of Police Deviance include, police brutality, police gratuity, police shakedowns, police perjury, police profanity, police misuse of confidential information, and police drinking and abusing drugs on or off duty, just to name a few Policecrimes. Only 19 of those complaints resulted in disciplinary action. Time is taken away from more serious and stressful matters, to comb though complaints, which are usually false. These decisions can impact the lives of the officers, the suspects, and even civilians. Therefore, officers must decide when it is necessary to exert violent or lethal force to subdue a suspect. When the police use force, it can result in the death of the suspect or witnesses. However, failing to apply force in a confrontation, can endanger the officer or allow the suspect to allude police custody. Some are indirect and other are pulling the strings from behind the crime scene, to put innocent for a crime that was never done. As right now the U. S is finding a solution to end this, which includes Black vs cops or the overuse of force. One of the greatest problem that the U. S has is the police brutality Are unarmed African Americans more likely to get killed during an encounter with police officers than any other race. Yes, both of these shockingly horrifying facts are true. So why are police officers abusing their powers and creating fearful environments when they should be making people feel safe in their communities. Who can we turn to on this earth to keep us safe if everyone and thing seems to be corrupt. When did police brutality become a thing in the U. Background and Audience Relevance: According to the Human Rights Watch report on Police Brutality and Accountability in the United States; police brutality has become one the most serious human rights violation. As citizens of the United States it is our duty to make sure that those with authority don 't take advantage of their power. Credibility: I believe I am credible to persuade you with this issue because as a citizen of this country myself I cannot idly sit by while the rights of others are disregarded by those who are meant to be our protectors This humanitarian crisis in the United States has become an alarming reality. Police officers have the capability to arrest, confiscate property, and use deadly force. Yet, many have abused their powers. They have data on how many pigs and hogs are in the United States. Police brutality Police brutality is one of the most serious and divisive human rights violations in the United States and it occurs in every community. The job of a police officer is to maintain public order, prevent, and detect crime. Police Brutality Police work is dangerous. Sometimes police put in situations that excessive force is needed. In our times, the police have become the criminals You know, I grew up in Philadelphia, and Philadelphia has a really rough police-brutality history. I grew up in a neighborhood where it was very clear that the police were "them" and we were "us". When I first started my research, I already believed police brutality is accurate but when I completed my research and my conversation with Deputy Steve Will, I was unsure whether or not police brutality is true. The only way to truly know the truth behind police brutality is having frequent experience as either a civilian interacting with a police officer or as a police officer interacting with a civilian There has been a wide range of talk about police brutality including what it actually means and the difference between unnecessary and excessive use of force when it comes to police brutality. Children no longer get excited about being either the cop or the robber in this innocent game. This results in police officers killing innocent and unarmed children over false assumptions Dangers the Police Face and the World today A huge problem in the United States today is the issue of police brutality. Police are alleged to use excessive force are undiscovered because of accountability. While some police do use more force than needed, and some police are the bad guys, this is a small number of the entire force in America This small number of police get away with it because of accountability issues and just straight laziness in the justice system. Public officials handle each report of brutality with denials or explain that the act was an accident or the victim is exaggerating, while the appropriate systems that should stop these "accidents" by ho Being a victim of police officers using excessive force, is painful and traumatizing to the victim, because the group the victim is supposed to trust, are the ones who are hurting them With the rise of media attention, law enforcement officers are under higher scrutiny more now than ever. Thus, bringing more studies and research into when an officer should use force and how much force should be used. All officers are instructed to use force in certain situations like making arrests, restraining an individual, controlling a disorderly, or when they feel fear for their own life This not necessarily correct, even in a democratic country the police do not always uphold civil liberties and do violate human rights. Citizens should never have a reason to doubt the police force, because of respect for the badge and the officer. When a person of color sees the police the response assumed to be one of admiration and respect not fear These cases can go from excessive force to murder. In this paper you will read about the recent cases of this serious matter. You will also read about the statistics of police brutality. This intelligence challenges the popular belief that mental and physical activity are unrelated. The Personal Intelligences--includes interpersonal feelings and intentions of others--and intrapersonal intelligence--the ability to understand one's own feelings and motivations. These two intelligences are separate from each other. Nevertheless, because of their close association in most cultures, they are often linked together. Although the intelligences are anatomically separated from each other, Gardner claims that the seven intelligences very rarely operate independently. Rather, the intelligences are used concurrently and typically complement each other as individuals develop skills or solve problems. For example, a dancer can excel in his art only if he has 1 strong musical intelligence to understand the rhythm and variations of the music, 2 interpersonal intelligence to understand how he can inspire or emotionally move his audience through his movements, as well as 3 bodily-kinesthetic intelligence to provide him with the agility and coordination to complete the movements successfully. Neurobiological research indicates that learning is an outcome of the modifications in the synaptic connections between cells. Primary elements of different types of learning are found in particular areas of the brain where corresponding transformations have occurred. Thus, various types of learning results in synaptic connections in different areas of the brain. For example, injury to the Broca's area of the brain will result in the loss of one's ability to verbally communicate using proper syntax. Nevertheless,this injury will not remove the patient's understanding of correct grammar and word usage. In addition to biology, Gardner argues that culture also plays a large role in the development of the intelligences. All societies value different types of intelligences. The cultural value placed upon the ability to perform certain tasks provides the motivation to become skilled in those areas. Thus, while particular intelligences might be highly evolved in many people of one culture, those same intelligences might not be as developed in the individuals of another. The theory states that all seven intelligences are needed to productively function in society. Teachers, therefore, should think of all intelligences as equally important. This is in great contrast to traditional education systems which typically place a strong emphasis on the development and use of verbal and mathematical intelligences. Thus, the Theory of Multiple Intelligences implies that educators should recognize and teach to a broader range of talents and skills. Another implication is that teachers should structure the presentation of material in a style which engages most or all of the intelligences. Howard Gardner completed his PhD in his dissertation was on style sensitivity in children. He remained at Harvard. Alongside his work with Project Zero he now co-directs it with David Perkins he was a lecturer and then professor in education His first major book, The Shattered Mind appeared in and some fifteen have followed. Project Zero provided an environment in which Howard Gardner could begin to explore his interest in human cognition. He proceeded in a very different direction to the dominant discourses associated with Piaget and with psychometric testing. Project Zero developed as a major research centre for education — and provided an intellectual home for a significant grouping of researchers. The existence of idiots savants, prodigies and other exceptional individuals. An identifiable core operation or set of operations. An evolutionary history and evolutionary plausibility. Support from experimental psychological tasks. Support from psychometric findings. Susceptibility to encoding in a symbol system. Howard Gardner initially formulated a list of seven intelligences. His listing was provisional. Linguistic intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages, and the capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively use language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically; and language as a means to remember information. Writers, poets, lawyers and speakers are among those that Howard Gardner sees as having high linguistic intelligence. Logical-mathematical intelligence consists of the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking. Musical intelligence involves skill in the performance, composition, and appreciation of musical patterns. It encompasses the capacity to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms. According to Howard Gardner musical intelligence runs in an almost structural parallel to linguistic intelligence. It is the ability to use mental abilities to coordinate bodily movements. Howard Gardner sees mental and physical activity as related. Spatial intelligence involves the potential to recognize and use the patterns of wide space and more confined areas. Interpersonal intelligence is concerned with the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people. It allows people to work effectively with others. Educators, salespeople, religious and political leaders and counsellors all need a well-developed interpersonal intelligence. Because of their close association in most cultures, they are often linked together. However, he still argues that it makes sense to think of two forms of personal intelligence. Gardner claimed that the seven intelligences rarely operate independently. They are used at the same time and tend to complement each other as people develop skills or solve problems. In essence Howard Gardner argued that he was making two essential claims about multiple intelligences. That: The theory is an account of human cognition in its fullness. Human beings are organisms who possess a basic set of intelligences. People have a unique blend of intelligences. These intelligences, according to Howard Gardner, are amoral — they can be put to constructive or destructive use. Skolnick and Fyfe argue that two notably dangerous police attitudes that stimulate police brutality towards Black people in the United States include the role of police officers as soldiers against drugs, and the insularity as well as authoritarianism of some police administrations. The police officers have an attitude that most black people in America who wander the streets are drug dealers, and therefore they use deadly force on them. Additionally, the ignorance of other cultures by mainly white police administrations coupled with their authoritarianism leads to more racial profiling and hence the use of brutal force against black people. Moreover, this psychological reason for police behavior argues that the law enforcement tend to believe in the stereotype that black people are bad and dangerous people; hence they use deadly force on them Chaney and Robertson Furthermore, the organizational theoretical perspective argues that the behavior of the police officers is also determined by the features of the organization of their places of work Duffee and Maguire Major factors in the organizations that influence the police behaviors include the system used to provide incentives as well as disincentives, and the rules and regulations as well as their application. This theory suggests that excessive force is more likely to be used by individual officers in watchman style environments as a reaction to disrespect for police authority by the citizens.

You often see this in samples or tv essaysbut in the real world is nothing like what you see in the movies or tv This eric was on research or study on police brutality using the conflict theory and analysis.

In this article, the research is tested by using the number of threatening acts and citizens depended by the number of complaints filed to the U. Department on police violence.

Multiple Intelligences: Gardner's Theory. ERIC Digest.

The essay helps to eric the measurement of minority threats connecting essay topics grade 4 criminal control Charles Foster ASB Written and Oral Communication June 25th Police brutality remains one of the most serious issues in the United States; however in more recent years Milwaukee has faced a few samples where sample violence became the center of a widespread eric that has had a significant impact on many communities.

While citizens worry about protecting themselves from criminals, there has been an even greater concern when dealing with the police Police brutality is the use of any force exceeding that reasonably necessary to accomplish a lawful police purpose.

The media is inevitably drawn toward tales of conflict, hence why there are so many crime and police stories on the news. Despite the increasing frequency of misbehaving cops, many Americans still maintain a high respect for the man in uniform Police brutality has been in the media for some time now.

Next, I will examine literature surrounding social police ecology or the tendencies of the police Police are starting to be neglected by the citizens that they are supposed to be protecting and it might be rightfully so. In the past year or so there have been an outstanding amount of police complaints by a lot of citizens and there has a movement been started called Black Lives Matter. All of these protests and movements are being started because of police brutality He was a young unarmed black male. Just in over 1, people were killed at the hands of police officers. However, even though police say they are just doing their job, police should not be able to abuse their power, because more cases of police brutality are being captured on cell phones and innocent people are being killed Police officers today are held to high standards due to their motto " To protect and Serve," however, not all police personnel live up to that standard. Due to police officers being held at such high standards, as authority figures some of them tend to abuse their power and engage in police deviance. Police officers have the widest range of deviant acts. These acts of Police Deviance include, police brutality, police gratuity, police shakedowns, police perjury, police profanity, police misuse of confidential information, and police drinking and abusing drugs on or off duty, just to name a few Policecrimes. Only 19 of those complaints resulted in disciplinary action. Time is taken away from more serious and stressful matters, to comb though complaints, which are usually false. These decisions can impact the lives of the officers, the suspects, and even civilians. Therefore, officers must decide when it is necessary to exert violent or lethal force to subdue a suspect. When the police use force, it can result in the death of the suspect or witnesses. However, failing to apply force in a confrontation, can endanger the officer or allow the suspect to allude police custody. Some are indirect and other are pulling the strings from behind the crime scene, to put innocent for a crime that was never done. As right now the U. S is finding a solution to end this, which includes Black vs cops or the overuse of force. One of the greatest problem that the U. S has is the police brutality Are unarmed African Americans more likely to get killed during an encounter with police officers than any other race. Yes, both of these shockingly horrifying facts are true. So why are police officers abusing their powers and creating fearful environments when they should be making people feel safe in their communities. Who can we turn to on this earth to keep us safe if everyone and thing seems to be corrupt. When did police brutality become a thing in the U. Background and Audience Relevance: According to the Human Rights Watch report on Police Brutality and Accountability in the United States; police brutality has become one the most serious human rights violation. As citizens of the United States it is our duty to make sure that those with authority don 't take advantage of their power. Credibility: I believe I am credible to persuade you with this issue because as a citizen of this country myself I cannot idly sit by while the rights of others are disregarded by those who are meant to be our protectors This humanitarian crisis in the United States has become an alarming reality. Police officers have the capability to arrest, confiscate property, and use deadly force. Yet, many have abused their powers. They have data on how many pigs and hogs are in the United States. Police brutality Police brutality is one of the most serious and divisive human rights violations in the United States and it occurs in every community. The job of a police officer is to maintain public order, prevent, and detect crime. Police Brutality Police work is dangerous. Sometimes police put in situations that excessive force is needed. In our times, the police have become the criminals You know, I grew up in Philadelphia, and Philadelphia has a really rough police-brutality history. I grew up in a neighborhood where it was very clear that the police were "them" and we were "us". When I first started my research, I already believed police brutality is accurate but when I completed my research and my conversation with Deputy Steve Will, I was unsure whether or not police brutality is true. The only way to truly know the truth behind police brutality is having frequent experience as either a civilian interacting with a police officer or as a police officer interacting with a civilian There has been a wide range of talk about police brutality including what it actually means and the difference between unnecessary and excessive use of force when it comes to police brutality. Children no longer get excited about being either the cop or the robber in this innocent game. This results in police officers killing innocent and unarmed children over false assumptions Dangers the Police Face and the World today A huge problem in the United States today is the issue of police brutality. Police are alleged to use excessive force are undiscovered because of accountability. While some police do use more force than needed, and some police are the bad guys, this is a small number of the entire force in America This small number of police get away with it because of accountability issues and just straight laziness in the justice system. Public officials handle each report of brutality with denials or explain that the act was an accident or the victim is exaggerating, while the appropriate systems that should stop these "accidents" by ho Being a victim of police officers using excessive force, is painful and traumatizing to the victim, because the group the victim is supposed to trust, are the ones who are hurting them With the rise of media attention, law enforcement officers are under higher scrutiny more now than ever. Thus, bringing more studies and research into when an officer should use force and how much force should be used. All officers are instructed to use force in certain situations like making arrests, restraining an individual, controlling a disorderly, or when they feel fear for their own life This not necessarily correct, even in a democratic country the police do not always uphold civil liberties and do violate human rights. Citizens should never have a reason to doubt the police force, because of respect for the badge and the officer. When a person of color sees the police the response assumed to be one of admiration and respect not fear These cases can go from excessive force to murder. In this paper you will read about the recent cases of this serious matter. You will also read about the statistics of police brutality. Excessive Force is used when the police are making an arrest and their using abuse to make it. The definition for excessive force is when police us physical ,verbal attacks to arrest their suspect, and by also intimidation. You often see this in movies or tv shows , but in the real world is nothing like what you see in the movies or tv This article was on research or study on police brutality using the conflict theory and analysis. In this article, the research is tested by using the number of threatening acts and citizens depended by the number of complaints filed to the U. Department on police violence. The research helps to test the measurement of minority threats connecting with criminal control Charles Foster ASB Written and Oral Communication June 25th Police brutality remains one of the most serious issues in the United States; however in more recent years Milwaukee has faced a few incidents where police violence became the center of a widespread issue that has had a significant impact on many communities. While citizens worry about protecting themselves from criminals, there has been an even greater concern when dealing with the police This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking. Linguistic Intelligence--involves having a mastery of language. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively manipulate language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically. It also allows one to use language as a means to remember information. Spatial Intelligence--gives one the ability to manipulate and create mental images in order to solve problems. This intelligence is not limited to visual domains--Gardner notes that spatial intelligence is also formed in blind children. Musical Intelligence--encompasses the capability to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms. Auditory functions are required for a person to develop this intelligence in relation to pitch and tone, but it is not needed for the knowledge of rhythm. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence--is the ability to use one's mental abilities to coordinate one's own bodily movements. This intelligence challenges the popular belief that mental and physical activity are unrelated. The Personal Intelligences--includes interpersonal feelings and intentions of others--and intrapersonal intelligence--the ability to understand one's own feelings and motivations. These two intelligences are separate from each other. Nevertheless, because of their close association in most cultures, they are often linked together. Although the intelligences are anatomically separated from each other, Gardner claims that the seven intelligences very rarely operate independently. Rather, the intelligences are used concurrently and typically complement each other as individuals develop skills or solve problems. For example, a dancer can excel in his art only if he has 1 strong musical intelligence to understand the rhythm and variations of the music, 2 interpersonal intelligence to understand how he can inspire or emotionally move his audience through his movements, as well as 3 bodily-kinesthetic intelligence to provide him with the agility and coordination to complete the movements successfully. Neurobiological research indicates that learning is an outcome of the modifications in the synaptic connections between cells. Primary elements of different types of learning are found in particular areas of the brain where corresponding transformations have occurred. Thus, various types of learning results in synaptic connections in different areas of the brain. For example, injury to the Broca's area of the brain will result in the loss of one's ability to verbally communicate using proper syntax. Nevertheless,this injury will not remove the patient's understanding of correct grammar and word usage. In addition to biology, Gardner argues that culture also plays a large role in the development of the intelligences. All societies value different types of intelligences. The cultural value placed upon the ability to perform certain tasks provides the motivation to become skilled in those areas. Thus, while particular intelligences might be highly evolved in many people of one culture, those same intelligences might not be as developed in the individuals of another. The theory states that all seven intelligences are needed to productively function in society. Teachers, therefore, should think of all intelligences as equally important. This is in great contrast to traditional education systems which typically place a strong emphasis on the development and use of verbal and mathematical intelligences. Thus, the Theory of Multiple Intelligences implies that educators should recognize and teach to a broader range of talents and skills. An evolutionary history and evolutionary plausibility. Support from experimental psychological tasks. Support from psychometric findings. Susceptibility to encoding in a symbol system. Howard Gardner initially formulated a list of seven intelligences. His listing was provisional. Linguistic intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages, and the capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively use language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically; and language as a means to remember information. Writers, poets, lawyers and speakers are among those that Howard Gardner sees as having high linguistic intelligence. Logical-mathematical intelligence consists of the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking. Musical intelligence involves skill in the performance, composition, and appreciation of musical patterns. It encompasses the capacity to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms. According to Howard Gardner musical intelligence runs in an almost structural parallel to linguistic intelligence. It is the ability to use mental abilities to coordinate bodily movements. Howard Gardner sees mental and physical activity as related. Spatial intelligence involves the potential to recognize and use the patterns of wide space and more confined areas. Interpersonal intelligence is concerned with the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people. It allows people to work effectively with others. Educators, salespeople, religious and political leaders and counsellors all need a well-developed interpersonal intelligence. Because of their close association in most cultures, they are often linked together. However, he still argues that it makes sense to think of two forms of personal intelligence. Gardner claimed that the seven intelligences rarely operate independently. They are used at the same time and tend to complement each other as people develop skills or solve problems. In essence Howard Gardner argued that he was making two essential claims about multiple intelligences. That: The theory is an account of human cognition in its fullness. Human beings are organisms who possess a basic set of intelligences. People have a unique blend of intelligences. These intelligences, according to Howard Gardner, are amoral — they can be put to constructive or destructive use. However, it has met with a strongly positive response from many educators. It has been embraced by a range of educational theorists and, significantly, applied by teachers and policymakers to the problems of schooling. A number of schools in North America have looked to structure curricula according to the intelligences, and to design classrooms and even whole schools to reflect the understandings that Howard Gardner develops. The theory can also be found in use within pre-school, higher, vocational and adult education initiatives. This appeal was not, at first, obvious. At first blush, this diagnosis would appear to sound a death knell for formal education. It is hard to teach one intelligence; what if there are seven? It is hard to enough to teach even when anything can be taught; what to do if there are distinct limits and strong constraints on human cognition and learning? What is more: Seven kinds of intelligence would allow seven ways to teach, rather than one. And powerful constraints that exist in the mind can be mobilized to introduce a particular concept or whole system of thinking in a way that children are most likely to learn it and least likely to distort it. Paradoxically, constraints can be suggestive and ultimately freeing. Mindy L. It also provides educators with a conceptual framework for organizing and reflecting on curriculum assessment and pedagogical practices. In turn, this reflection has led many educators to develop new approaches that might better meet the needs of the range of learners in their classrooms. Howard Gardner did not, initially, spell out the implications of his theory for educators in any detail. Subsequently, he has looked more closely at what the theory might mean for schooling practice e. The approach entails: A broad vision of education. All seven intelligences are needed to live life well. Teachers, therefore, need to attend to all intelligences, not just the first two that have been their tradition concern. Understanding entails taking knowledge gained in one setting and using it in another. Developing local and flexible programmes.

Police brutality is when in any situation a civilian is harmed due to essay by a police officer. Police brutality is continuing to be questioned because eric officers are continuing to abuse their authority.

Howard Gardner, multiple intelligences and education | theblog4.me

Police officers are acting in brutal manners to control detained suspects. Police brutality can happen anywhere but statistically happen in fourteen of America 's largest nations A young black man by the eric of Michael Brown, was fatally essay by Darren Wilson, a white Ferguson police officer. Buchanan et al. The controversial death of this young man sparked a national uproar of civil unrest on the topics of police brutality and racism within police departments.

As the amount of police brutality and false accusation cases have risen, there has been a search for a solution. After decades of searching, an answer has been brought to light. The issue of police brutality example of gre essay responses not a new concept, as the first known use of the term was in The New York Times in As citizens of the United States it is our duty to make sure that those with authority don 't take advantage of their power Body cameras are video recording systems that are used by law enforcement to record their interactions with the public and gather video evidence.

Most sample departments do not wear body cameras currently and the ones that do are in trial phases to see how it works out. There are many advantages to police officers wearing body cameras but in asking the question should they wear body cameras the stakeholders should look at the complete picture What do you do. Although it may be seen as a defensive tactic for police officers, excessive force has become the cause of death to many African Americans teenagers This is not only a sensitive subject, but one that proves hard to identify.

The main takeaway is that each encounter is different. Within each situation, the details and contributing factors are also different. Police have to serve the public and are entrusted with an inherent amount of power. The line when that use of power becomes abuse of power is not always so easily defined Unfortunately, we do not live in a perfect world.

Trust in police officers is not widespread in this country. Not everyone trusts the officials of law enforcement to hold the well-being of all its citizens with equal regard. Studies show that ethnic minorities have lower levels of confidence and trust in the police department in comparison with the White American population Tyler