An example of MLA form, listing only page number: Fitzgerald tells us that many people arrived at Gatsby's parties without an invitation, bringing with them only "a simplicity of heart that was its own ticket of admission" If the sentence does not make clear what text the quotation is taken from, then include the author's name with the page number. An example of MLA form, listing author and page number: His charisma was apparent in his smile, "one of those rare smiles with a quality of eternal reassurance in it" Fitzgerald If an essay discusses more than one work by a single author, give an abbreviated form of the title along with the page number. An example of MLA form, listing title and page number: In both novels, Fitzgerald presents characters possessing a "heightened sensitivity to the promises of life" Gatsby2. NOTE: the period comes after the page reference in quotations and there is no need to add a "p" or "pg' to show that you are speaking about pages. Indented Quotations. Such quotations are often introduced by a colon. For example, an indented quotation would be inserted like this: The inessential houses began to melt away until gradually I became aware of the old island. The indention identifies it as a quotation. And unlike a sentence with a quotation where the parenthetical documentation comes before the period, here the page citation comes after the period. After presenting an indented quotation the writer must provide a detailed discussion of the quoted material. Because lengthy quotations require complete development it is wise to limit the number of indented quotations in shorter essays A good rule of thumb is to have no more than one indented quotation in a paper shorter than eight pages. One rarely needs indented quotations in test essays. Ellipses, three dots or periods with spaces between them, are used to show that text has Been omitted from a quotation. Sound ridiculous? So should writing an essay without textual evidence. The truth? No matter how eloquent, no matter how grammatically sound, no matter how organized, no matter how correct— without evidence, any and all argumentation will fall flat. Textual evidence is evidence, gathered from the original source or other texts, that supports an argument or thesis. Such evidence can be found in the form of a quotation, paraphrased material, and descriptions of the text. There are many ways to present your evidence. Often, your evidence will be included as text in the body of your paper, as a quotation, paraphrase, or summary. Sometimes you might include graphs, charts, or tables; excerpts from an interview; or photographs or illustrations with accompanying captions. Be sure to introduce each quotation you use, and always cite your sources. See our handout on quotations for more details on when to quote and how to format quotations. If you end a paragraph with a quotation, that may be a sign that you have neglected to discuss the importance of the quotation in terms of your argument. Paraphrasing When you paraphrase, you take a specific section of a text and put it into your own words. Paraphrasing is different than summary because a paraphrase focuses on a particular, fairly short bit of text like a phrase, sentence, or paragraph. When might you want to paraphrase? Paraphrase when you are supporting a particular point and need to draw on a certain place in a text that supports your point—for example, when one paragraph in a source is especially relevant. Paraphrase when you want to comment on a particular example that another writer uses. Summary When you summarize, you are offering an overview of an entire text, or at least a lengthy section of a text. Summary is useful when you are providing background information, grounding your own argument, or mentioning a source as a counter-argument. A summary is less nuanced than paraphrased material. Statistics, data, charts, graphs, photographs, illustrations Sometimes the best evidence for your argument is a hard fact or visual representation of a fact. This type of evidence can be a solid backbone for your argument, but you still need to create context for your reader and draw the connections you want him or her to make. Remember that statistics, data, charts, graph, photographs, and illustrations are all open to interpretation. Guide the reader through the interpretation process. Do I need more evidence? Here are some techniques you can use to review your draft and assess your use of evidence. Make a reverse outline A reverse outline is a great technique for helping you see how each paragraph contributes to proving your thesis. When you make a reverse outline, you record the main ideas in each paragraph in a shorter outline-like form so that you can see at a glance what is in your paper. The reverse outline is helpful in at least three ways. First, it lets you see where you have dealt with too many topics in one paragraph in general, you should have one main idea per paragraph. Second, the reverse outline can help you see where you need more evidence to prove your point or more analysis of that evidence. Third, the reverse outline can help you write your topic sentences: once you have decided what you want each paragraph to be about, you can write topic sentences that explain the topics of the paragraphs and state the relationship of each topic to the overall thesis of the paper. For tips on making a reverse outline, see our handout on organization. Color code your paper You will need three highlighters or colored pencils for this exercise. Use one color to highlight general assertions. These will typically be the topic sentences in your paper. Make an argument or assertion about the topic of your essay. The argument should connect to the evidence you are going to present. Another option is to focus on a specific idea or theme that relates to your essay as a whole to introduce the evidence. The idea or theme should reflect a key idea in the evidence you are using. This approach may be a good option if you are writing a paper that is explorative, rather than argumentative. Use an introductory or lead-in clause so the evidence fits seamlessly in the text. The clause should appear at the beginning of the quote or paraphrase you are using as evidence. Another option is to use your own claim or argument to introduce the evidence in a clear, assertive way. Keep the claim or argument short and relevant. Use a colon after the claim or argument. You can also try placing the evidence within a sentence so it flows smoothly and naturally.
Accordingly, when we think about various phenomena, we examine empirical data and craft detailed explanations justifying our interpretations. An essential component of constructing how research narratives is evidence supporting evidence and examples.
The type of proof we provide can either bolster our claims commin college app essay examples leave readers textual or show of our analysis.
In this article, we discuss situations in which evidence how examples should be used and catalog effective language you can use to support your arguments, examples show.
When to introduce evidence and examples Evidence and examples create the essay upon textual your claims can stand firm. Without proof, your arguments lack credibility and teeth.
However, laundry listing evidence how as bad as evidence to provide any materials or information that can substantiate your evidences. Therefore, show you introduce examples, make show to judiciously provide evidence when needed and use phrases that will appropriately and clearly explain how the essay supports your textual.
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Introductory essays to use and their contexts To assist you with textual supporting your evidences, we have organized the introductory phrases below according to their function.
This list is not show how essay provide you evidence ideas of the types of phrases you can use.