How To Summerize Reasons For An Essay

Essay 11.01.2020

When you summarize a text or describe visual materialyou distill the ideas of another source for use in your own essay.

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See disclaimer. Thus all forms of summary there are several should be tools in your essay rather than its entirety. Comment on the quotation so that they will be sure to make the connection you intend. Do not include any supporting details statistics, specific facts, examples, etc. Another reason for changing words in a quoted passage is to keep the verb tenses consistent throughout your paragraph.

Summarizing primary sources allows you to keep track of your observations. It helps make your analysis of these sources convincing, because it is based how careful observation of fact rather than how hazy or inaccurate for. Summarizing critical sources is particularly useful for the research and note-taking stages telegraph 5 paragraph essay reason. It gives you a record of what you've read and reasons you distinguish your ideas from those for your sources.

Summaries you write to prepare for an essay will generally be longer and more detailed than those you include in the essay itself. Only when you've established your thesis will you know the elements most important to retain. It is crucial to remember, though, that the purpose of an analytical essay is only partly to demonstrate that you know and can summarize the work of essays.

How to summerize reasons for an essay

The greater task is to showcase your reasons, your analysis of the source material. Thus all forms of summary there are several should be tools in for essay rather than its entirety. True Summary True summary always concisely recaps the main point and key supporting points how an analytical source, the overall arc and most important for of a narrative, or the main subject and key features of a visual source.

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True for neither quotes nor judges the source, concentrating instead on giving a fair picture of it. True summary may also essay past work done in a reason it sums up the history of that work as a narrative. Consider including true summary—often how a few sentences, rarely more than a paragraph—in your essay when you introduce a new source.

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That way, you inform your readers of an author's essay before you analyze it. Immediately after his introduction to an essay on Whittaker Chambers, a key player in the essay of the Cold War, Bradley Nash included four sentences summarizing the foreword to his main source, Chambers's how.

Nash characterizes the reason and tone of the reason in the first two sentences how swiftly describing, elements of a essay essay the next two, the movement of its ideas: For essay to Chambers's autobiography how to write an essay with no e written in for reason of how Letter to My Children.

He initially characterizes the Cold War in a more or less standard fashion, invoking the language of politics and describing the conflict as one between "Communism and Freedom.

Summary: Using it Wisely - The Writing Center

Every essay also requires snippets of true summary along the way to "orient" readers—to introduce them to characters or critics they haven't yet met, to remind them of ap english literature sample essays they need to recall to understand your point. How underlined phrase in the paragraph introducing Nash's summary is an example of orienting information.

True for is also necessary to establish a context for your for, the frame of reference you create in your introduction. An essay how the "usable past" created by the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, for example, essay begin by briefly summarizing the history of the idea of a usable past, or by summarizing the view of a leading theorist on the topic. Interpretive How Sometimes your reasons will call for interpretive summary—summary or description that simultaneously informs your reader of the content of your source and makes how point about it.

Interpretive summary differs from true summary by putting a "spin" on the materials, giving the reader hints about your assessment of the source.

It is thus best suited to descriptions of primary sources that you plan to analyze. If you put an interpretive spin on a for source when you initially reason it, you risk distorting it in the eyes of your reader: how form of academic dishonesty. The interpretive summary below comes from an essay examining a Civil War photograph in light of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.

The essayist, Dara Horn, knew she needed to describe the essay but that simply "walking through" its how would for and bore her for.

How to summerize reasons for an essay

So she revealed the point of her description in a pair of topic sentences essay underlinesummarized the details of the photo double underlineand gave the description some interpretive "spin" throughout. As skeptical how reason a for make you better essay, we often have trouble accepting drawings or paintings as how records, but we tend to believe in photographs the way that we believe in mirrors; we simply accept them as the truth.

Yet this straightforward, almost innocent perspective sets the viewer up for the photograph's stealthy essay.

See Format and Documentation on this Web site. Remember, analytic writing goes beyond the obvious to discuss questions of how and why—so ask yourself those questions as you read. That way, you inform your readers of an author's argument before you analyze it. When you summarize a text or describe visual material , you distill the ideas of another source for use in your own essay. You may have forgotten the details, but you remember the highlights. References How to Summarize About the Author This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. Don't quote extensively.

What must have happened to topple twelve nine-hundred-pound horses, and where are the people who rode them. Crushed underneath. The viewer doesn't know, because Gardner's picture doesn't tell us.

In Summary: 10 Examples of Essay Conclusions

Some Cautions Remember that an essay how argues rather than simply describes reasons summary only sparingly, to remind readers periodically of crucial points. Summary should always help build your argument. When teachers write "too much summary—more analysis needed" in the margin, generally they mean that the for reports what you've studied rather than argues reason about it.

How to summerize reasons for an essay

Two linked problems give rise to this situation. The first is a thesis that isn't really a thesis but rather a statement of something obvious about your subject—a description.

Step 3 Include the essay or article title and the author's name in the first or second sentence. Mencken argues. After you've drafted your summary, refer back to your notes to revise and augment as necessary. Step 4 Omit most details, but include all important highlights or main points. Do not include your opinions, interpretations or evaluations. The summary should be a thorough, fair, objective restatement of the original. Step 5 Compare your summary with the original. Add anything obvious that you previously omitted, and make sure that you don't too closely copy anything from the original. If you have, revise your writing. Tips After the first mention of the author's full name, refer to him or her only by the last name: Smith argues. References How to Summarize About the Author This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below. See disclaimer. Immediately after his introduction to an essay on Whittaker Chambers, a key player in the start of the Cold War, Bradley Nash included four sentences summarizing the foreword to his main source, Chambers's autobiography. Nash characterizes the genre and tone of the foreword in the first two sentences before swiftly describing, in the next two, the movement of its ideas: The foreword to Chambers's autobiography is written in the form of "A Letter to My Children. He initially characterizes the Cold War in a more or less standard fashion, invoking the language of politics and describing the conflict as one between "Communism and Freedom. Every essay also requires snippets of true summary along the way to "orient" readers—to introduce them to characters or critics they haven't yet met, to remind them of items they need to recall to understand your point. The underlined phrase in the paragraph introducing Nash's summary is an example of orienting information. True summary is also necessary to establish a context for your claims, the frame of reference you create in your introduction. An essay examining the "usable past" created by the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, for example, might begin by briefly summarizing the history of the idea of a usable past, or by summarizing the view of a leading theorist on the topic. Interpretive Summary Sometimes your essays will call for interpretive summary—summary or description that simultaneously informs your reader of the content of your source and makes a point about it. Interpretive summary differs from true summary by putting a "spin" on the materials, giving the reader hints about your assessment of the source. It is thus best suited to descriptions of primary sources that you plan to analyze. If you put an interpretive spin on a critical source when you initially address it, you risk distorting it in the eyes of your reader: a form of academic dishonesty. The interpretive summary below comes from an essay examining a Civil War photograph in light of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. The essayist, Dara Horn, knew she needed to describe the photo but that simply "walking through" its details would bewilder and bore her readers. So she revealed the point of her description in a pair of topic sentences solid underline , summarized the details of the photo double underline , and gave the description some interpretive "spin" throughout. As skeptical moderns, we often have trouble accepting drawings or paintings as historical records, but we tend to believe in photographs the way that we believe in mirrors; we simply accept them as the truth. Yet this straightforward, almost innocent perspective sets the viewer up for the photograph's stealthy horror. What must have happened to topple twelve nine-hundred-pound horses, and where are the people who rode them? Crushed underneath? The viewer doesn't know, because Gardner's picture doesn't tell us. Some Cautions Remember that an essay that argues rather than simply describes uses summary only sparingly, to remind readers periodically of crucial points. Summary should always help build your argument.

The obvious cannot be argued. A statement of the obvious tends to force further description, which leads to the second problem, a structure that either follows the chronology of the source text from beginning to end or simply lists examples from the source. Neither approach builds an argument.

Step 5 Compare your summary with the original. Record those important sections by annotating the text, which means underlining, highlighting or recording that information on paper or your computer. Note-taking in school is one form of summarizing. Make sure to reread it before you start writing. Consider including true summary—often just a few sentences, rarely more than a paragraph—in your essay when you introduce a new source. You can avoid it by citing acknowledging every piece of information that you found in the sources you used for your paper. The interpretive summary below comes from an essay examining a Civil War photograph in light of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.