Step 5 When the abstract is complete, read everything you have written from top to bottom. Then, eliminate all extra information in order to keep it as concise as possible. Step 6 Read the abstract thoroughly again. Make sure there is the consistency of information presented in the abstract and in the research paper. After all, the abstract is a summary or a short description of the research paper itself.
Types of Research Abstracts Most of the abstracts are informative. However, there are four other types that you should be aware of, which makes it five: 1. Highlighting This one is a more concise version of an abstract that must draw the reader's attention from the first sentence. It should be worded in simple terms, convey the nature of the research, show the most significant findings, and sum up the contribution of the study.
Also, you can present highlights in bullet points that give a brief overview of the most significant results. Descriptive This type describes someone else's paper and is limited to words. It specifies the purpose of the study and its background information but does not provide any data regarding the methods, results, and conclusions. Critical This one is a smaller version of a critical review.
It should provide all the necessary information about the study and judgment regarding the validity and breadth of the research. This type is longer up to words but is not used as often as the rest.
Informative Used for research papers and other documents that require strict structuring, an informative abstract does not provide critique or evaluation but is not confined to a simple description. It acts like a miniature version of the paper.
Research students then face the ominous task of slogging through that list to identify articles and papers that are relevant to their specific research topic. Abstracts make that process more manageable by succinctly summarizing the paper so that the researcher can make a decision in minutes rather than hours. These abstracts may also be seen in review articles or conference proceedings.
In scientific writing, on the other hand, abstracts are usually structured to describe the background, methods, results, and conclusions, with or without subheadings. Now how do you go about fitting the essential points from your entire paper— why the research was conducted, what the aims were, how these were met, and what the main findings were—into a paragraph of just words?
Select key sentences and phrases from your Methods section. And what is exact purpose of your study; what are you trying to achieve? Start by answering the following questions: What made you decide to do this study or project? Why is this study important to your field or to the lay reader?
Why should someone read your entire essay? You can combine the problem with the motivation section, but from a perspective of organization and clarity, it is best to separate the two. Here are some precise questions to address: What is your research trying to better understand or what problem is it trying to solve?
What is the scope of your study—does it try to explain something general or specific? What is your central claim or argument? You have establish the importance of the research, your motivation for studying this issue, and the specific problem your paper addresses. Now you need to discuss how you solved or made progress on this problem—how you conducted your research. If your study includes your own work or that of your team, describe that here.
If in your paper you reviewed the work of others, explain this here. Did you use analytic models? A simulation? A double-blind study? A case study? You are basically showing the reader the internal engine of your research machine and how it functioned in the study.
Office of Undergraduate Research.
Alternatively, you can ask your professor for a few samples. A research paper abstract is similar to that. What did you find that was otherwise unknown?
Be sure to connect this statement closely to your results and not the area of study in general. Ask your reader to summarize what your study is about including all key points of each section. Bottom line You should not slack off when writing your abstract if you want to get an attention-drawing research synopsis. What did you do to get your results? The Structure of the Abstract As mentioned above, the abstract especially the informative abstract acts as a surrogate or synopsis of your research paper, doing almost as much work as the thousands of words that follows it in the body.
A simulation? Ten sample areas were studies, and their major characteristics are provided in this paper species composition, abundance, etc. Why this is important for readers to know? Make sure that this paragraph does not contain new information that is not present in the paper undefined abbreviations or group names a discussion of previous literature or reference citations unnecessary details about the methods used Remove all extra information see step 6 and then link your sentences to ensure that the information flows well, preferably in the following order: purpose; basic study design, methodology and techniques used; major findings; summary of your interpretations, conclusions, and implications.
A good informative abstract acts as a surrogate for the work itself. If the answer is "no" then the abstract likely needs to be revised. The second part states the central arguments and counterarguments in the same order they are presented in the document. Research Paper Abstract Example We suggest you look at the research abstract sample below to get a better idea. While Outlining and Writing Your Abstract… Provide only relevant and useful information Just as your research paper title should cover as much ground as possible in a few short words, your abstract must cover all parts of your study in order to fully explain your paper and research.
The project has both scientific and ethical goals. There are four general types.
What is the one thing you are trying to solve for?
Step 4 Make sure the abstract answers these questions: What is the purpose of this research? If you choose to submit your research to a local or national conference, your abstract will be requested as part of your application packet.
In the last section of your abstract, you will give a statement about the implications of your study. So, how to write an abstract for your research paper effectively?
In most cases, the abstract page immediately follows the title page. Better still, have someone who knows nothing about your research take a look at it — that way you can be sure you have hit the appropriate level of assuming no previous knowledge.