They must also put in quotation marks any words or phrases that they copy directly from a source. Remind students that while the Internet is widely available to the public, any information found there and used directly in a paper must be appropriately documented. Note: You may decide to use only the outline if students do not need as much scaffolding.
Explain that cause-and-effect essays may be structured in various ways. Encourage them to come up with an interesting fact, example, or anecdote to introduce their topic. One way to describe the introduction is to compare it to an inverted triangle or the top section of an hourglass. Often the introduction is more general in the beginning and slowly becomes more specific as it transitions to the thesis statement, which should be the most specific part of the introduction.
Explain that they should find a logical order for their paragraphs. For some, sequential order might work well. Encourage students to choose the order that will best present their ideas. Tell students that their research should support each topic sentence. Finally, explain that the conclusion should summarize their main points and restate their thesis. Explain to students that transitions are like dots of glue that hold the ideas of their paper together.
The chart lists common transitions used for different purposes in a paper. Choose examples and discuss how different words show different relationships between causes and effects and therefore when you would use one over another. Have students read over the chart, and ask about words they have questions about before completing the exercises at the bottom of the page. Review the exercise to show the effect of the transitions.
For example, you must use them when your tutor asks you why you are late and you have to explain why. In many spheres people use cause and effect analysis: scientists, managers, doctors, detectives, and many other specialists must investigate why things happen as they do.
Such analysis helps not only to define why something has occurred, but also to understand the nature of phenomena and how to behave in a particular case. Both school and university students are often assigned with a cause and effect paper. Students need to master the writing of cause and effect essays to be able to think integrally about causes and effects of certain events, and to make connections between events and analyze the effects.
You can use cause and effect analysis in many situations: College or university: In a psychology course you may be asked to identify the effects of depression. Work: Sales of one position have dropped for the last month and you are asked to find out the causes. Everyday life: When the road is covered with ice, drivers need to be more attentive and reduce speed as they may cause an accident.
Cause and effect analysis involves contemplation on why something has occurred and what consequences it has brought. This kind of essay can be written from several perspectives: analyze only causes, analyze only effects, or describe both causes and effects.
What Is a Cause and Effect Essay A cause and effect essay is a type of writing that describes the causes or effects or both that happen as a result of a certain event. It is about the analysis of connections between conditions, events, or actions in order to better understand it. The approach that will be used during the writing will depend on what perspective the author will concentrate: causes, effects, or both. There are three kinds of cause and effect essays: 1st essay type explains how a certain event occurred and what consequences it had.
Sometimes you can be confused with the causes or effects of a certain event. So, when you will be writing, find out whether you are stating the real causes and effects. For example, if you got your feet wet on a cold winter day and in a couple of days you got the flu, this is a real cause of the illness.
An example of causes and effects from an event divorce : Causes: lack of communication, money issues, constant arguing, abuse, cheating, etc. Effects: depression of both partners, negative effects on children, divorced mothers are more likely to live in poverty, men remarry more quickly than women. If your essay contains a cause and effect paragraph, its structure will follow basic essay format. It should begin with a sentence that will state whether this paragraph is about causes or effects.
Check your assignment. At first glance the assignment may seem clear, but to understand all peculiarities and specifications you need to carefully read the assignment.
Underline the deadline and set the date to your phone, and write out the type of paper, required essay format, and other peculiarities that you need to consider while writing. Step 2. Focus on the topic.
Sometimes tutors assign certain cause and effect essay topics , but usually students need to pick the topic for a cause and effect essay on their own. Create a list of possible topics that you want to describe in your cause and effect essay. Choose the most interesting topic and narrow it down so you can present it from your point of view. Conduct a little prewriting exercise to get more ideas about the topic. Choose from three to five possible causes and consider short-term or long-term effects.
Make sure that all points refer to the topic. Frequently, causes and effects are interrelated and cannot be described individually. Step 3. Conduct research.
If your topic is complex enough or information that you already know about the topic is insufficient, you need to conduct research. To write a good cause and effect essay, search for additional information in the library, on the internet, or interview someone who knows enough about the topic. Briefly write the most interesting facts and phrases that you will use when crafting your first draft.
Write down the questions that need additional information or examples. Also mention the sources that you are going to use in your essay and the stage of writing a works cited list will be much easier. Step 4. Make an outline. As soon as you gather basic information and you have decided on the topic, you need to create a detailed plan.
The key point to a successful essay is having the right structure. You can believe this or not, but the time you spend on creating the outline will save time while writing the paper. A carefully crafted outline will help you concentrate on the main points and to describe all ideas that you need to describe in your essay.
There is no need to write full sentences on this step, as you only need to write ideas and structure them in the right order. Usually, a cause and effect essay outline follows a five paragraph format, but the quantity of body paragraphs may vary.
It depends on the topic and how you plan to disclose the topic: in one body paragraph or several paragraphs. Traditionally, this type of essay contains these sections: an introduction, a body containing three paragraphs, and conclusion.
Look at the sample cause and effect essay format: 1. Introduction 1. Basic information about the topic 1. Thesis statement indicate what the essay will be about: causes, effects, or both 2. Body paragraph I 2. Topic sentence indicates causes, effects, or both 2.
Body paragraph II 3. Topic sentence indicates causes, effects, or both 3. Body paragraph III 4. Topic sentence indicates causes, effects, or both 4. Conclusion 5. Restating the thesis statement 5. Reminding the reader of the main points 5. Concluding sentence When you will have finished the structure of the essay you will be ready to start writing it paragraph by paragraph.
While writing: 1. Write the introduction. The aim of this section is to give the reader an idea of what you are going to write about and gives basic information if needed. The introduction should include the following: Attention grabber. Basic information. If the topic is complex, you need to add some background information to give a very clear picture about the topic that will be discussed in subsequent paragraphs.
This information should help the readers understand the event and be connected with the thesis statement. Thesis statement.
The absence of this part will mean that your essay lacks a focus. The thesis statement is usually a sentence or two and should briefly describe the main point of the entire essay. You will be covering this idea through all paragraphs of the essay, so make sure that you have picked the right thesis statement and that it correlates with the outline that you have already created in the previous steps. Write the body paragraph. Start with a topic sentence that will serve as a little introduction to the first cause or effect.
Brainstorm about details that will accurately describe the importance of a particular cause or effect.Learning experiences are organized to begin with full-class review and analysis of a sample text. Then students work independently to develop their chosen topics. Large-group discussion of transitions ends the lesson as students begin to draft their own essays. Instructional Procedures Focus Question: How can a cause-and-effect essay be organized in different ways? Take a few minutes to revisit this essay.
Remind students that while the Internet is widely available to the public, any information found there and used directly in a paper must be appropriately documented.
Always choose the most interesting or significant examples that suit your points. In academic writing it is important to use sentence connectors and connecting phrases to present your ideas in the right way. Explain that cause-and-effect essays may be structured in various ways. Encourage students to choose the order that will best present their ideas.
It is about the analysis of connections between conditions, events, or actions in order to better understand it. Due to… Example: The sea level rising is due to increasing global temperature and melting of ice over land. Another effect result … Example: Another effect is an increased possibility of heart failure.
Cause and Effect Essay Sample Reading cause and effect essay examples will help you create your own writing. You can do it! If necessary, review with students the guidelines for research. You can organize the information in the main body differently, depending on your aim. So, how to conclude a cause and effect essay?