This was the first confrontation of the movement, The contract was eventually cancelled and awarded to the Sangh instead. The Sangh also decided to resort to tree-hugging, or Chipko, as a means of non-violent protest. But the struggle was far from over, as the same company was awarded more ash trees, in the Phata forest, 80 km away from Gopeshwar. Here again, due to local opposition, starting on June 20, , the contractors retreated after a stand-off that lasted a few days. Thereafter, the villagers of Phata and Tarsali formed a vigil group and watched over the trees till December, when they had another successful stand-off, when the activists reached the site in time.
The lumberermen retreated leaving behind the five ash trees felled. The final flash point began a few months later, when the government announced an auction scheduled in January, , for 2, trees near Reni village, overlooking the Alaknanda River.
The Chipko movement became a benchmark for socio-ecological movements. In recent years, the movement not only inspired numerous people to work on practical programmes of water management, energy conservation, afforestation, and recycling, but also encouraged scholars to start studying issues of environmental degradation and methods of conservation in the Himalayas and throughout India.
In rapid deforestation over the century-old trees, forming almost a canopy in Jessore Road of the district of North 24 Parganas, West Bengal, has also flicked off a huge movement in the form of the campaign of saving trees by the local masses, following the legacy of Chipko Movement.
The Chipko Movement displayed how an act of cutting trees for blooming the rich could be an issue of survival for the poor. Nature is the means and ends of livelihood of the poor and they are much more dependent on forests as compared to the richer class.
Ghanshyam Raturi was the Chipko poet whose songs are still popular in the Himalayan region. The modern Chipko movement began in the early s in the Garhwal Division Himalayas of Uttarakhand. It spread to Uttar Pradesh with a growing awareness of rapid deforestation.
In protest, the villagers adopted a non-violent method, and they stuck themselves to the trees to protect them from being felled. The villagers were successful in their effort, and the government cancelled the permit given to the sports goods manufacturing company. Such other incidents have become successful, and the movement soon spread to other areas. The Chipko activists formed into groups and campaigned from village to village and informed people about the purpose and importance of motion.
It is now collecting funds to take up research on the issues of forests, soil, and water conservation. Achievements by Chipko protest The Chipko protests in Uttar Pradesh achieved a major victory in with a year ban on green felling in the Himalayan forests of that state by order of Mrs Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India. Since then, the movement has spread to many countries in the country.
In addition to the year ban in Uttar Pradesh, felling in the Western Ghats and the Vindhyas has stopped. Conclusion Thus, the Chipko Movement is a significant environmental movement, which has gained considerable popularity and success by adopting a Gandhian non-violent method.
Then in Uttar Pradesh with turning awareness towards rapid deforestation. The landmark event in this battle took topographic point on March Their actions inspired s of such actions at the grassroots degree throughout the part. By the s the motion had spread throughout India and led to preparation of people-sensitive forest policies. Above all. So much so that. Although many of its leaders were work forces. Over the old ages they besides became primary stakeholders in a bulk of the afforestation work that happened under the Chipko motion.
The terminal of the 19th century saw the execution of new attacks in forestry.Order now Their actions inspired hundreds the such actions at the writing level throughout the region. By the s the movement had spread throughout India and led to formulation of people-sensitive forest policies, which put a stop to the open felling of trees in movement as far reaching as Vindhyas and the Western Ghats. Above all, it stirred up the existing civil society in India, which began to address the issues of tribal and marginalized people. Although many of its leaders were men, women were not only its backbone, but also its mainstay, because they were the ones most affected by the rampant deforestation,, which led to a lack of chipko and fodder as well as water for drinking and irrigation. The end of the nineteenth century saw essay implementation of new approaches in forestry, coupled with reservation of forests for commercial forestry, causing disruption in the age-old symbiotic relationship between the natural environment and the od were crushed severely.
In March. The first Chipko action took place spontaneously in April in the village of Mandal in the upper Alakananda valley, and over the next five years it spread too many districts of the Himalayas in Uttar Pradesh. Another destruction of the trees is that construction of dams, factories and roads had already led to deforestation. More rallies and marches were held in late , but to little effect, until a decision to take direct action was taken.