Incorporating images into the text of your paper In the text, refer to figures by their number i. Do not refer to figures as "the figure below" or "the figure above. Number the figures consecutively, beginning with Figure 1. Place the figure close as possible to the part of text referencing it, unless otherwise instructed by your instructor. Centre the image in the paper. Provide a brief description of the image. The caption should serve as both a title and explanation.
Use the following format as a guideline Figure 1. Descriptive caption of image. Copyright date by Name of copyright holder. Reprinted with permission if applicable. Figure 1. Syzygy when three or more celestial bodies align in the sky visible above an observatory in Chile.
Copyright by Y. Year of creation. Examples Beletsky, Y. Three planets dance over La Silla. Irish, J. If there is only one appendix, it is just called Appendix Each appendix must also have a title Begin each appendix on a separate page with page number Place the label and title of each appendix at the top of the page, centered, using normal capitalization.
Label first, title second. Paragraphs The first paragraph is flush left and not indented. The Denial of Saint Peter. Early 15th century. Oil on canvas, 94 x The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Image downloaded from Flickr Commons reproduced in a text Fig. Thomas Eakins. William Rudolf O'Donovan. Flickr Commons. Image downloaded from Flickr personal image collections, uploaded by others reproduced in a text Fig.
The example below is for an image taken from a book with a single author. For more information on how to cite books, look at the How do I Cite: Books section of this site. Artist's Last Name, First Name. Title of Work: Subtitle if Any. Year, Location of Work. Last Supper. Part 2: Cites where you found the reproduction of the work such as a website.
If complete bibliographical information about the source of the table or illustration is provided in the caption, and the source is not mentioned in your paper, you do not need to include an entry for the source in the list of works cited. Da Vinci, Leonardo. Vienna - Rathaus. Works referenced in text Neel, Alice.
There is no definitive format for a figure caption. Each appendix must be labeled with a letter A, B, C, etc. William Rudolf O'Donovan. A note on date placement: For date posted online, follow the format below.
Example: In addition to the limitations of email, Cummings et al. Examples Beletsky, Y. The Estate of Alice Neel. Digital Image.
The caption should serve as both a title and explanation. Be consistent with caption display choices throughout your paper or slideshow. There is no definitive format for a figure caption. Example: In addition to the limitations of email, Cummings et al.
Refer to the figure in-text and provide an Arabic numeral that corresponds to the figure. Year of creation. Footnotes and endnotes Information about paintings, photographs, sculptures, or other works of art can usually be presented in the text rather than in a note or bibliography.
The first appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix A The second appendix referred to in the paper would be named Appendix B If you have more than 26 appendices, start the alphabet over with AA, BB, CC, and so on.