Does reporting by ordinary citizens actually give us better news? Will newspapers go out of business or become only digital? Is crowdfunded journalism going to be an important trend? Is our news coverage too narrow? How helpful is "fact checking" of speeches? Why did the media not get the American Presidential election or Brexit correct?
Mind and Mental Health Can brain damage from drugs be reversed? What are the effects of marijuana on the brain? Can learning to do lucid dreaming help you? What is the best treatment for PSTD? Is virtual reality more than just for fun? Are video games bad for kids? How is the Internet affecting our intelligence? What limits should there be for genetic engineering of humans? What role should race play in American identity? What is the best way to help a friend or relative who is an alcoholic? Source How will 3-D printing change our future?
What research offers the most promising help for disabled people? Are self-driving trucks a good idea? Is face-detecting software a good way to solve the problem of identity theft? How with practical quantum computers change our lives?
How will degree selfie cameras change the way we share our lives? What are the implications of the Cell Atlas? Is adding connectivity of our home devices helpful or not?
Because college courses focus on analyzing and interpreting rather than on memorizing, college instructors expect writers not only to know the facts but also to make an argument about the facts. The best five-paragraph essays may do this. Five-paragraph essays are often repetitive. Most of us can remember an introduction and three body paragraphs without a repetitive summary at the end to help us out.
Read your favorite newspaper or magazine; look through the readings your professors assign you; listen to political speeches or sermons. Can you find anything that looks or sounds like a five-paragraph essay? One of the important skills that college can teach you, above and beyond the subject matter of any particular course, is how to communicate persuasively in any situation that comes your way. The five-paragraph essay is too rigid and simplified to fit most real-world situations.
Perhaps most important of all: in a five-paragraph essay, form controls content, when it should be the other way around. Students begin with a plan for organization, and they force their ideas to fit it. Along the way, their perfectly good ideas get mangled or lost. How do I break out of writing five-paragraph essays? Alex, preparing to write her first college history paper, decides to write a five-paragraph essay, just like she learned in high school.
I guess I can do a paper about that. The North and South fought the Civil War for many reasons. In some cases, these reasons were the same, but in other cases they were very different. In this paper, I will compare and contrast these reasons by examining the economy, politics, and slavery. This is a classic five-paragraph essay introduction: it goes from the general to the specific, and it introduces the three points that will be the subjects of each of the three body paragraphs.
Get to the point. Her first sentence is general, the way she learned a five-paragraph essay should start. What part of the economy are you talking about? Some of the most worrying concern the potential danger to the environment politically, physically and culturally; the place of tourism in the economy of many countries is also an issue… Question terminology Analyse key verbs used i.
These verbs give you some idea of the approach to use in your answer. Justify this statement. Outline the main stages of changes in tourism since The key verbs here, justify, outline, evaluate, diagnose need to be looked at carefully because they indicate the approach you are expected to take when you prepare and write the essay. A dictionary can prove an invaluable help here.
The other words in the question can provide the key to the subject matter you will need to include in your answer i. How to get started Generating ideas - there are various methods of doing this.
Different people have different methods. For example: Blank sheet — Take a blank sheet of paper and write whatever occurs to you, anywhere on the sheet, as you think about the question. List — List your ideas as they occur. Mind Map — sketch out all the ideas in your mind and then work out how they are related to each other. Next you will need to ask yourself what you need to find out. Your idea-generating session should have given you some idea of the areas to follow.
Your sources are likely to be books, people, magazines, journals, electronic resources and the media. Making notes Some topics require you to research more, some to think and analyse more. First, analyse the question and decide what it wants you to do. Next, re-write it in an easily understandable form. Your notes will vary according to you and your style — make any that seem relevant to the subject area, at any time — put the information into a box, or special essay file.
This practice can help produce originality. Planning When you get to this point, you need to start to think about the reader of your essay. What you say must be clear and easy to follow, not a mass of unrelated points. Facts are important but not alone, they should be used in an organised way. You are now at the stage where you will begin to group your material. There are various ways of doing this.
For example: Single pieces of paper for single points, allocated to group headings later. Group headings established. Tree diagram or form of pattern diagram. Once groups have been established, it is important that the sequence of ideas is organised. In other words, in what order will your information or comments come in the essay? Paragraphing When the material and ideas have been organised in sequence you can begin to write the essay.
Each paragraph should contain a controlling idea, or topic sentence which links and anticipates. Support sentences will expand on the idea in this sentence, by giving examples or re-emphasising the point in some way, so that the reader grasps the main point of the paragraph.
Drafting writing up Write or word process your rough copy. This can be done in sections or written up in its entirety from the organised notes. Each person has their own preference.
One useful method is the half-page system which leaves space for annotation and possible alteration to the sequencing of points. Introductions and conclusions The introduction and conclusion should be written after the main body paragraphs have been written and organised. This ensures that what the essay says is supported at either end.
An introduction should outline the basis of your essay, giving the reader an indication of what you will be writing about or discussing.
Ford provided that you then proceed to justify the statement. Henry Ford did not, which is why he is given credibility as an expert on cars, not history. For a 1,word essay an introduction of approximately words would be appropriate. A conclusion should pull an essay together. A positive finish is also a good idea.
You may summarise your arguments in the concluding paragraph, drawing together the threads of an argument but also reminding the reader that your essay hopefully has proved the points you set out to make. A final paragraph for a 1,word essay would be words in length. A verdict or judgement in answer to the question set should be considered. For this reason, the use of the personal pronouns I, we, you… should be avoided. You may, however, give supported judgements which use references, including examples of data to offer perceptive comment.
Essays should be presented word processed as directed on A4 paper.
The easiest way to do this is to map the essay's ideas via a written narrative. Do young men have body image problems? Expect to undertake an iterative process of planning, reading, drafting, reviewing, planning, reading, re-drafting, and editing. Introduction — To include methodology.
Planning When you get to this point, you need to start to think about the reader of your essay. You can do very well in high school by studying hard and memorizing a lot of facts. They anticipate the major argumentative moves you expect your essay to make. Paragraphs should be separated from each other and from indented quotations by twice as much white space as there is between lines.