Get someone else to read it over. Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. Checklist two: Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples? Any run-on or unfinished sentences? Any unnecessary or repetitious words? Varying lengths of sentences? Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? Any spelling or grammatical errors? Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation?
Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? Did I avoid using contractions? Did I use third person as much as possible? Did I leave a sense of completion for my reader s at the end of the paper?
For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr. Note: William Strunk, Jr. The Elements of Style was first published in There is also a particular formatting style you must follow.
Sample Thesis Statement: Because of their income deficit Smith, and general susceptibility to depression Jones, , students who drop out of high school before graduation maintain a higher risk for physical and mental health problems later in life. Background After the initial introduction, background on your topic often follows.
This paragraph or section might include a literature review surveying the current state of knowledge on your topic or simply a historical overview of relevant information.
The purpose of this section is to justify your own project or paper by pointing out a gap in the current research which your work will address. Sample Background: A background section on a paper on education and health might include an overview of recent research in this area, such as research on depression or on decreasing high school graduation rates.
Major points build on each other, moving the paper forward and toward its conclusion. Each major point should be a clear claim that relates to the central argument of your paper. Sample Major Point: Employment and physical health may be a good first major point for this sample paper. Here, a student might discuss how dropping out of high school often leads to fewer employment opportunities, and those employment opportunities that are available tend to be correlated with poor work environments and low pay.
Minor points are subtopics within your major points. Minor points develop the nuances of your major points but may not be significant enough to warrant extended attention on their own. These may come in the form of statistics, examples from your sources, or supporting ideas. Sample Minor Point: A sample minor point of the previous major point employment and physical health might address worker injury or the frequent lack of health insurance benefits offered by low-paying employers.
The rest of the body of your paper will be made up of more major and minor points. Next step is ordering your topics and sub-topics. Point out the main thesis you are covering and add other details into subheadings.
As a variant, you can create a list of possible outline headings, and then, in the process of writing or even at the last stages, you could choose the most appropriate options. The outline has to show the logical flow of your ideas. Hence, each main heading and corresponding sub-headings should contain only essential information.
In most of the cases, APA research paper outline is created using Roman numerals, capital and lowercase letters to add more sub-headings if it is needed. Here, you don't need a title page.
You'll have a header with your name, name of your teacher or instructor, the course and the date. Write the word "Outline" in the center of the page. You should start with the thesis of the paper, so do not begin using subheadings. The outline for an MLA paper follows standard rules, so you start with Roman numerals, then uppercase letters, Arabic numerals and lowercase letters if needed.
It is better to use full sentence outline structure, in case your paper should be formatted in MLA. Research paper outline example Regardless of the core idea, your outline should have an introduction, where you give some background information about your topic, relevance of your research and thesis statement. In the main body, you present your arguments and ideas, and in conclusion, you introduce general results of your research. Don't forget to add the references to the sources you used.
Example: Human trafficking research paper outline If your topic is about human trafficking, you will need to create an outline. This is how an outline of a human trafficking research paper may look. Introduction A. What is human trafficking? Main causes of human trafficking II. The current global situation with human trafficking. Demographics of human trafficking B. Social conditions of the most vulnerable subgroups III. Fighting human trafficking A.
Penalties for human traffickers B.Don't worry because you are not the only one who can't figure it out. First of all, let's make sure you understand what a research paper outline is. Generally speaking, it is a logical organization of a text, including its parts, paragraphs, and subparagraphs. Here are some tips for writing a research paper outline which will surely help. It should have some good topics for essay writing titles of paragraphs and subparagraphs of the text, an introductory part and conclusion.
Each statement you give has to be backed up with the proof. This paragraph or section might include a literature review surveying the current state of knowledge on your topic or simply a historical overview of relevant information. Depending on the overall volume of your research paper, a hook can be from one to five sentences long.
Include all subtopics you are going to discuss, and make sure each has arguments and counterarguments to reflect your main idea. This is how an outline of a human trafficking research paper may look. Define the audience. It is also logical to write a more detailed outline for yourself even if the requirements are different. Conclusion A. Do not state something you have no ways of proving!
Have I made my intentions and points clear in the essay? An introduction should begin with discussion of your specific topic not a broad background overview and provide just enough context definitions of key terms, for example to prepare your readers for your thesis or purpose statement.
Aim to have your final paper ready a day or two before the deadline.
Do not state something you have no ways of proving! Read the assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of you, and that your essay meets the requirements as specified by your teacher. Demographics of human trafficking B. Here, you don't need a title page. Additionally, if you are having trouble revising a paper, making an outline of each paragraph and its topic sentence after you have written your paper can be an effective way of identifying a paper's strengths and weaknesses. You can also use shorter writing phrases which inform the reader about the content.
Summary of arguments. There is no need to provide a deep explanation of your ideas or evidence to each of them. Did I miss anything?
Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? Social conditions of the most vulnerable subgroups III. There is also a particular formatting style you must follow. An introduction should begin with discussion of your specific topic not a broad background overview and provide just enough context definitions of key terms, for example to prepare your readers for your thesis or purpose statement. It should have the titles of paragraphs and subparagraphs of the text, an introductory part and conclusion. Opposing facts prove your deep knowledge on the topic and that you have really conducted a thorough research.