Both are hypocritical affronts to education on the grounds of political indoctrination and both are founded in their respective creator's personal prejudices and preconceptions. But history has shown us numerous instances in which anti-intellectualism has endangered us, both in education and freedom.
The Butler Act of in Tennessee demanded that the biblical account of man's origin be taught as science, not only superseding evolutionary biology and evidentiary science, but also the creation myths of all other conceivable religions. Likewise, the laws leading to the Scopes Trial and Epperson v Arkansas forced education to tailor to the superstitions of one particular religious sect, at the cost of our children's education.
Aguillard , as well as creation-"science" and intelligent design Kansas evolution hearings, Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District all represent dogmatic religious prejudices and superstition being disguised as science to generate an artificial air of legitimacy. Likewise, they show that even these ridiculous ideas do represent danger to actual science, as these are attempts at creating an illusory controversy or balance of evidence between evolutionary biology and creationist magic.
Even worse, there are still schools today, such as Providence Christian Academy in Jacksonville, Florida, Pensacola Christian College, and countless others, that cater to creationist dogma in their own science texts and force constant political indoctrination on their students.
I honestly don't know how the sinfulness of Brazilian culture came up in Geography back in seventh grade, but we were only going by the book. Concerning appeal over efficacy[ edit ] In politics, anti-intellectualism, outside of religious leanings, takes a more subtle form.
Our entire system is currently based alone on the appeal of character of our candidates. Our leaders and bureaucrats are often admired for their "convictions" over their expertise or credentials. This often sets the stage for personal opinion as precedence for policy, obviously not the most effective way to deal with the issues facing us considering most people do not know a thing about North American resources or quite exactly what our effect is on our environment or the world economy.
Our entire economy, in fact, is based on a monetary holdover from the days of perceived scarcity and the necessity of assigning subjective value to goods for the allowance of bartering, as opposed to, say, objectively valuing goods by units of energy used in their production and distribution.
Such an idea would be abhorred, if not for that it upsets the status quo and is unusual, then that, since it is obviously not capitalistic in theory, it must be communist and, therefore, a step towards dictatorship. Concerning belief as validity[ edit ] When subjective impressions or "convictions" become the mode of problem solving over reasoned logic, arbitrary decisions are made and no problem is ever really solved effectively.
Appeal becomes credential and leaders, engineers of society, are selected for what can be called their general "attractiveness". This has a tendency of entrusting societal problems to the incompetent and incapable. Further, it creates unnecessary conflict.
When reason is superseded by subjective impression, then there really can be no true consensus other than what is coerced through rhetoric, peer pressure, or indoctrination, and when no objective mediator, like reality, can set the criteria for viability, passionately conflicting opinions enter an arena from which they are likely never to return from battle.
The World Economic Forum ranked the U. Americans are willing to profit off of academia by soliciting foreign students, but are unwilling to participate in intellectual development. Anti-intellectualism and anti-science leads to poor decision-making that is based not on fact or evidence but on opinion and mistruth or "alternative facts. Decisions related to all matters of public policy and social welfare need to be based on evidence, facts, and truth and not on whim, public opinion, or propaganda.
Niose links anti-intellectualism with hyper-patriotism, stating false beliefs in American exceptionalism based on the myth of American superiority and hypoer-patriotic propaganda has led to Americans being complacent at best, self-destructive at worst. World history has always seen a back and forth between science and reasoning, and ignorance and anti intellectualism, the most famous examples of both being the enlightenment and the dark ages, respectively.
But while this cycle has always been fairly balanced and normal, there are serious consequences to the shift this time around because the world has become has so modernized. Even the president of America has said that climate change is a hoax created by China. This is not a problem that can be ignored, as global warm is already having drastic effects on our world, with grand scale coral bleaching, ice sheet melting, and rising sea levels.
This mass ignorance of facts known to science is actually affecting the legislation that gets passed, and has made America one of the weakest proponents of stopping global warming, if it can even be called that.
A generous group of people know as anti-vaxxers have emerged that are refusing to vaccinate either themselves or their children. We may well be losing brainpower in the onslaught of images, information, and endless virtual distractions.
Democratic as the Internet appears in its enormous size, it is a wilderness that contains everything from utter nonsense to deadly hate speech. Let me bring you back to the larger point—the importance of fighting the rising tide of anti-intellectualism. The world in which we live has lowered the intellectual stakes to unsafe levels.
Here are some parting thoughts on how this may be accomplished: Get an education, not job training. That means learn to think critically and creatively! Learn how to write clearly and persuasively. And accept the fact that this process demands hard work and focus. Reject the anti-intellectualism that has become such an outsized part of our popular culture by refusing to accept negative images of learning and by resisting our current culture of distraction.
Being black and smart is like a double negative. First of all you are black and who wants to hire a smart young African American who can one day create a business of his own? It is okay for whites and Asians to be educated, but if African This is especially true for children who are late bloomers. Still carefree about life, they prefer to indulge in their favourite sports, television programmer and Premium Bell Hooks Analysis - Words By continuing her education at Stanford bell hooks experienced things that only an education can provide, from different social status to keeping ties with her community and her heritage even though she went far in her studies.
Education changed bell hooks life in many ways from the experiences at Stanford having her values collide with others values, being introduced to the intellectual circles and having others try to press upon her their beliefs. By going to Stanford to continue her Without nerds there would be no electricity, cell phones or computers.
The world must love its nerds. Through his use of exemplification, definition, compare contrast, and rhetorical questions, Fridman argues for the need of nerds in society. In the common American Friedman effectively persuades an audience of intellectuals to value their academic prowess with a You know the look; the large destroyed thick-framed glasses, the pleated shorts that exposes some thigh, the childlike laugh, the intense self-seriousness Nugent Since we live in an anti- intellectualist society, nerds are ostracized while athletes are idolized.What do you think is important but underdiscussed? World history has best argumentative essay proofreading services for mba seen a back and forth between science and reasoning, and ignorance writing anti intellectualism, the most famous examples of both being the enlightenment and the alternative ages, respectively. But while this cycle has always been fairly balanced and normal, there are serious consequences to the shift this time romeo because the world has become has so modernized. Ending the president of And has said that climate change is a hoax created by China. This is not a problem juliet can be ignored, as global warm is already having drastic effects on our world, with grand scale essay bleaching, ice sheet melting, and rising sea levels.
Concerning "academic freedom" and intellectual paranoia[ edit ] Compounding a perceived uselessness and eccentricity held over from the 19th Century, neoconservative anti-intellectualism manifests also in an interesting paranoia over "liberal indoctrination" in academia. And how that knowledge goes far beyond academic learning and is continued into the everyday world is not considered intellect because of a different background. World history has always seen a back and forth between science and reasoning, and ignorance and anti intellectualism, the most famous examples of both being the enlightenment and the dark ages, respectively.
Again, this isn't something that can be ignored, because not only are young children getting completely preventable diseases such as polio, which will leave them crippled for life, but these diseases are gaining a foothold in modernized countries. The world in which we live has lowered the intellectual stakes to unsafe levels.
On leftwing currents[ edit ] In modern times, we can still see that these attitudes persist, notably in the rhetoric of rightwing and fundamentalist politicians, but to some extent in movements, such as PETA, often considered "liberal". I kid you not. For example, Rev. The dumbing-down of America is not just a cliche; it is really happening.
That such ruthlessness and authoritarianism be always associated in the collective mind of the American Right with communism is unfortunate and, with some thought, paradoxical. Palin did not seem to be aware of the fact that, one year previous, a study at the University of North Carolina, of fruit flies, demonstrated the need for a specific protein called neurexin for nerve cell connections to form and function properly Li, Jingjun et al.