For example, use lowercase terms to describe periods, except in the case of proper nouns e. It is also possible to offset the block quotation by using a different or smaller font than the surrounding text. In Flowers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought, Rose eloquently sums up his argument in the following quotation: In a society of control, a politics of conduct is designed into the fabric of existence itself, into the organization of space, time, visibility, circuits of communication.
And these enwrap each individual life decision and action—about labour [sic], purchases, debts, credits, lifestyle, sexual contracts and the like—in a web of incitements, rewards, current sanctions and foreboding of future sanctions which serve to enjoin citizens to maintain particular types of control over their conduct. These assemblages which entail the securitization of identity are not unified, but dispersed, not hierarchical but rhizomatic, not totalized but connected in a web or relays and relations.
Leave one blank line between remaining entries. List entries in letter-by-letter alphabetical order according to the first word in each entry. For two to three authors, write out all names. When a source has no identifiable author, cite it by its title, both on the references page and in shortened form up to four keywords from that title in parenthetical citations throughout the text. Do not use access dates unless publication dates are unavailable. If you cannot name a specific page number when called for, you have other options: section sec.
In the text: Note numbers are superscripted. Note numbers should be placed at the end of the clause or sentence to which they refer and should be placed after all punctuation, except for the dash. In the notes themselves: Note numbers are full-sized, not raised, and followed by a period superscripting note numbers in the notes themselves is also acceptable.
Lines within a footnote should be formatted flush left. Place commentary after source documentation when a footnote contains both; separate commentary and documentation by a period.
In parenthetical citation, separate documentation from brief commentary with a semicolon. Do not repeat the hundreds digit in a page range if it does not change from the beginning to the end of the range. Do not use bold or large size font for the heading. Be sure to use proper formatting - note and bibliography styles are different. Use a "hanging indent" - the first line of the citation begins at the margin, subsequent lines are indented.
If your source has no author, alphabetize by title within the authors - don't make a separate list.
Don't separate primary and secondary sources unless your teacher requests it. Watch out for these common errors: Note format uses first name last name, bibliography uses last name, first name. In your notes, do not reuse numbers!
Each citation gets a new number. In Chicago style, headings are used to organize your writing and give it a hierarchical organization. Chicago style puts forth specific rules for formatting headings up to five levels within your paper: Chicago heading hierarchy: These are the formatting rules for different levels of headings in APA style. If a heading is said to be in title case, that means you should format it as though it were the title of a book, with the first letters of most major words capitalized e.
If a heading is said to be in sentence case, that means you should format it as though it were a normal sentence, with only the first letter of the first word and of any proper nouns capitalized e.
You should always use heading levels in this order, beginning with Level 1. So, if you have a paper with two levels of headings, you would use Level 1 formatting for the higher level and Level 2 formatting for the lower level. Similarly, if you have a paper with five levels of headings, you would use Level 1 formatting for the highest level and Level 5 formatting for the lowest level.
Block quotations are not double-spaced, unlike the rest of your Chicago style paper. When to Use a Block Quotation A typical quotation is enclosed in double quotation marks and is part of a sentence within a paragraph of your paper. However, if a quotation takes up more than five lines in your paper, you should format it as a block quotation rather than as a regular quotation within the text of a paragraph.
Most of the standard rules for quotations still apply, with the following exceptions: a block quotation will begin on its own line skip a line before and after the block quotation , it will not be enclosed in quotation marks, and its in-text citation will come after the ending punctuation, not before it. But the tumult soon subsides. Paine The full reference for this source would then be included in your References section at the end of your paper. Spacing and Alignment Each line of the block quotation should be indented from the left margin the same distance as the first lines of your regular body paragraphs.
Unlike the rest of your paper, it should be single-spaced.
Paine The full reference for this source would then be included in your References section at the end of your paper. Title Page The following information should be centered horizontally on the title page: a third of the way down the page, the title of your paper in all capital letters; on the next line, the subtitle of your paper if you have one ; two-thirds of the way down the page, your name; on the next line, the name of your course; and on the next line, the due date of the paper. Write out any numbers lower than Neither the title nor the source line should be double-spaced. If citing the same work again immediately after you've already cited it, use ibid.
Provided by: Wiktionary. The title of your paper should be written in all capital letters. Ensure that each level of hierarchy is clear and consistent.
The title of your paper should be written in all capital letters. Use no more than three levels of hierarchy.
For two to three authors, write out all names.