The topic should never be too narrow or too broad, should always be manageable. The whole subject should have total relation to the problem or research being presented Discuss the topic with experienced people, they would help at giving the right title Decide the scope of the review The scope of the review refers to the years and amount of knowledge being managed. Depending on the scope that is going to be presented, the comprehension of the work could change.
So, it is important to know and decide the approach that the author wants to give to the subject, but it can also depend on the research and topic, needing more sources to be explained or just a little more depth into the subject.
Select the correct databases for searches The databases on a literature review will give some background into the work, also giving some improvement to the style and formatting being used. It is important to always look for databases that are related to the subject that is being talked about, with specific relation to the discipline of the review. Start the searches into the literature This is how the work begins; from this, the whole paper will start to have to mean, so it is important to follow some rules: Review the abstracts works of the discipline related to the subject being presented to save time.
Avoid dead-end searches in databases by writing down every search being finished. Use bibliographies and references to the research in order to find more works on the discipline. Ask experts in the fields if possible to give advice on the discipline, or just point out the missing important works left to review. Reviewing the literature When reviewing the literature and research as a whole, there are some questions that would help the author to have and portray all the findings in a better and more understandable way: What was the question of the research study?
What were the cited and referenced authors trying to discover or prove? Was the research of the cited author being funded by an influencing source? What were the methodologies used in the cited works? Analyze the whole literature, all the sample, variables, results, and conclusions. Was the research completed? Did it get to a point, proving or discovering something? Our studies in conflict with the one being presented?
That is, it represents the literature that provides background information on your topic and shows a correspondence between those writings and your research question. A literature review may be a stand alone work or the introduction to a larger research paper, depending on the assignment. Rely heavily on the guidelines your instructor has given you. Why is it important? If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e.
Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work.
Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones.
Step 5: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in the table.
The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review.
The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan Consider your purpose and voice before beginning to write. In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.
Consider how you reassemble your notes: plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes. Important: A literature review is not series of annotations like an annotated bibliography. Galvan captures the difference between an annotated bibliography and a literature review very well: " In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read.
You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button.
This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Plan to describe relevant theories. Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the literature and communicates your point of view a literature is not a series of annotated articles.
Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind.
In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period. Place an Order To avoid these, here are some tips to proofread better: Printing the work Reading the work on a paper is pretty different than reading on a screen. Sometimes a literature review is written as a paper in itself. Identifies critical gaps and points of disagreement.
Sometimes a literature review is written as a paper in itself. You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article. Introduction OK. Make others proofread your work If you make other people, especially the ones with experience on the field and with knowledge on the area, a different pair of eyes would also help at spotting errors.