Half of the Christian world was conquered by Arab armies. However, by the eleventh century, things took a turn for the worse and Christians set out to recapture their Holy Land. In turn, the First Crusade took course to take back what was theirs. For the Christians during the first Crusade, a strong faith and a commitment to Christianity was crucial in fostering a success victory.
One of the key people from the first Crusade was Alexius I Comnenus. He was born in AC and died in AC. Pope Urban II initiated the first crusade by calling upon his Christians to reclaim the city of Jerusalem. The Crusade was also meant to seek revenge on the followers of Islam. Pope Urbans crusade was made possible by the work of St. Augustine on Christian Violence in the past. Many Christians joined the crusade because the Pope promised rewards for the afterlife.
Its lone success in the long line of Crusades proves its uniqueness among the six others that were mostly ineffective. Certain fortunate circumstances definitely contributed to the Christian success in taking the Holy Land on their first try. Similarly, many other circumstances were responsible for why the following crusades were less successful and in some cases disastrous.
The Crusades arose out of feudal society in the eleventh century, offering crusaders freedom adventure and a possible economic gain. Pope Urban II gave a speech to the church leaders and nobles in France, telling them to rescue their fellow Christians from the Muslims. On the one hand, those from the knights class had the taste of adventure and were largely searching for these threats in order to improve their status.
Some even presume that it was better to send them fight on the East, than to experience continuous struggle in the West. But how can one explain the motive of a peasant leaving abandoned his goods and harvest, taking with him his wife and children and voluntary heading to the long unknown journey, expecting not to return?
Accordingly to some historians the casualty rate for the First Crusade was up to 75 per cent4! I can find now other reason then deep religious believes, willingness to please God, and confidence in automatic forgiveness of all their sins.
This was one of the major reasons of the First Crusades success as it is well-known that the following periods of crusading were not anymore marked by such an enthusiasm. Without depreciation the role of crusades, we should nevertheless mention the situation in the Middle East and particularly division in the power circles, as it was also the significant factor allowing crusades to fulfill such achievements.
The territories were inherited and divided between Malik-Shah brother and then his sons, in this manner at that particular moment the Muslims did not represent a united power to fight with Christians.
Seljuqs and Fatimids and other smaller Turkish tribes were fighting for Jerusalem and other territories causing great disruptions in the Middle East. Motivations Incentives for taking up the cross ranged from pilgrimage, monetary gains, and things such as political power or fame Although the historical resources are few, she does her best to give the reader a detailed information about the topic.
The author discusses the reasons for the failure of Islamic World in the first Crusade. She talks about the political situation in Muslim countries and mentions several arguments that explain those failures. First and foremost, she emphasizes the disunity and weakness of Muslims. By calling this crusade, he would unite both churches to fight together for a reasonable cause. He gave the speech with a shaky tone asking for a volunteer army to take Jerusalem and Palestine from the Seljuk Turks.
During the speech, he used many powerful adjective describing how important is was the Christians to take back Jerusalem. Occupying more and more of the land of the Christians on the borders of Romania, they have conquered the… slaughtering and capturing many, destroying churches and lying waste the kingdom of God. The noble race of Franks must come to the aid of their fellow Christians in the East. The infidel Turks are advancing into the heart of Eastern Christendom; Christians are being oppressed and attacked; churches and holy places are being defiled.
Jerusalem is groaning under the Saracen yoke. The holy Sepulcher is in the Moslem and has been turned into a mosque. Many people returning from the Holy Land were bringing home stories of the violence being committed by the Turks there. Because this was their Holy Land, it caused many Christians to be outraged. The crusaders existence was established mostly on strong beliefs more than any other reason. In Christian beliefs, the savior, Jesus Christ was to return to earth and bring judgment on its people.
Many clergy members along with lay people believed this would take place in the year A. Although the historical resources are few, she does her best to give the reader a detailed information about the topic. The author discusses the reasons for the failure of Islamic World in the first Crusade. She talks about the political situation in Muslim countries and mentions several arguments that explain those failures. First and foremost, she emphasizes the disunity and weakness of Muslims.
The author believes that if Crusaders had arrived about ten years earlier, it would not have been that easy to gain victory Phillips The crusades were motivated by the idea of spiritual freedom, new land, monetary incentives, and many other wordly goods.
In recent years historians have learned more information about the first four crusades. This information helps answer some of the questions surrounding the first crusades. Outcomes varied from crusade to crusade, as did responses from Muslim governments, all of which shaped Muslim culture today. Motivations Incentives for taking up the cross ranged from pilgrimage, monetary gains, and things such as political power or fame In his book, Riley-Smith sets out five main arguments to show how these ideas of crusading evolved.
Historians have made opinions on the first Crusade as if it was something righteous and true. It was not. Some debates or opinions were more biased, while others were inadequate in comparison.
There are no misconceptions when discussing the opposing viewpoints of Latin and Muslim Crusading too writer justifications As a result of the crusades, atrocities occurred, technological advancements arose for Europeans, and social constructs were created.
Each of these developments played a role in how the crusades changed the future for all of Europe, and how important of a role religion played in creating the crusades. To begin, Crusading was preached by the popes as a worthy deed that grants penance, the making up for past wrongs, but the crusades were not as righteous as was preached by the popes About , men, women, and children quickly joined the Holy War with hopes of returning home with riches, or finding a new life in a foreign land France What was led to the cause of the Crusades.
It began under the rule of one man, and his name was Pope Urban II. Urban II was around sixty years old before his first launch of the first Crusade in ; he was born under French nobility and a former cleric and Cluniac Monk becoming pope in And it was his vision that delivered a sermon at Clermont Council of Clermont, France that would change the course of history.
It is the sole source of power for any idea, opinion, and most importantly, religion. A belief can relent the possibility of anything to happen. The only thing that matters is what the belief is put into, whose faith is put into what.
The US and USSR were diametrically opposed in relation to the political structure and underpinning values of each society
What was led to the cause of the Crusades. The First Crusade was an evil act against Muslims and Jews. Happening between and , the first crusade was both a military expedition and a mass movement of people with the simple goal of reclaiming the Holy Lands taken by the Muslims in their conquests of the Levant.