Unknown Author Where you'd normally put the author's last name, instead use the first one, two, or three words from the title. Don't count initial articles like "A", "An" or "The". You should provide enough words to make it clear which work you're referring to from your Works Cited list.
If the title in the Works Cited list is in italics, italicize the words from the title in the in-text citation. If the title in the Works Cited list is in quotation marks, put quotation marks around the words from the title in the in-text citation.
If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. Citing the Bible In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using and underline or italicize the title , as each version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underline , chapter and verse.
For example: Ezekiel saw "what seemed to be four living creatures," each with faces of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek.
Citing indirect sources Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited in another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. For example: Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" qtd. Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source. Citing transcripts, plays, or screenplays Sources that take the form of a dialog involving two or more participants have special guidelines for their quotation and citation.
Each line of dialog should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch. A period follows the name e.
After the period, write the dialog. Each successive line after the first should receive an additional indentation. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with that person's name indentented only half an inch.
Repeat this pattern each time the speaker changes. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source. Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source.
Alcohol makes an early appearance in O'Neill's play. Pleadingly Give me a drink, Rocky. Harry said it was all right. University of Colorado, Boulder. Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. If the author is not known, use the title and the date as the in-text citation for long titles just use the first few words. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. For sources with no date use n.
Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. However, the only ethical way information from outside sources can be included in a project is if the researcher lets the reader know that the information was obtained elsewhere, and tells them where that information is from. This is done with an in-text, or a parenthetical citation in the body of a project , AND a full reference on the MLA Works Cited page the final page of a project.
This style was created by the Modern Language Association. What is the Difference? Quite often, the two terms, in-text citation and parenthetical citation, are used interchangeably. While similar, there are slight differences. At the end of the sentence, in parentheses, is the page number where the information was found.
Author's name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic. Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process For example: This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect. For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: Field, , p. This style was created by the Modern Language Association.
If the title in the Works Cited list is in italics, italicize the words from the title in the in-text citation. Sources With Three or More Authors There are a number of sources written or created by three or more authors. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed.
At the end of the assignment, on the Works Cited page, is the full reference. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number s. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Time-based media sources When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so Or, you can also check out St.