Put quotation marks around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles, articles from edited collections, television series episodes, and song titles: "Multimedia Narration: Constructing Possible Worlds;" "The One Where Chandler Can't Cry. Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses. According to Jones , "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" p.
Jones found "students often had difficulty using APA style" p. If the author is not named in a signal phrase, place the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation. Long quotations Place direct quotations that are 40 words or longer in a free-standing block of typewritten lines and omit quotation marks. Jones found "students often had difficulty using APA style" p. If the author is not named in a signal phrase, place the author's last name, the year of publication, and the page number in parentheses after the quotation.
Long quotations Direct quotations longer than 40 words should be in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation marks. Start the quotation on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin. Type the entire quotation on the new margin, and indent the first line of any subsequent paragraph within the quotation five spaces from the new margin. Maintain double-spacing throughout. The parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark.
Jones's study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. According to Jones , APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners. APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners Jones, , p. Citing an Author or Authors Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work.
Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses. Research by Wegener and Petty supports Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there.
Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad This is to facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book not done for journal articles. The paper by Bugjuice is short, and if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble. For two author papers, give both authors' last names e. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al.
You should be able to work out what type of article you have found using the information provided with the article. This will ensure that the correct link for the article remains when it is moved to a specific journal issue. If you read a print journal article not yet published in a journal issue, follow the layout below, ignoring the online information required.
More Than Seven Authors: The rules for referencing both single and multiple authors apply to all sources whether the material came from books, magazine articles, newspaper articles, journal articles, or online sources. For more help, contact your liaison librarian. Note:When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. When capitalizing titles, capitalize both words in a hyphenated compound word: Natural-Born Cyborgs.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Magazine articles in APA format. Jones's study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. According to Jones , "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" p. Referencing articles in APA format.
Provide a reference to the work as soon as possible after giving the information. If you have more than one entry by the same author, they should be further ordered by increasing publication date more recent papers last. To find the DOI, when you read an article online, check the article details as you will usually find the DOI at the start of the article. If the reference you are citing has two authors, use the following format: Periods of glaciation have a large effect on sea level Ingmanson and Wallace, What are your concerns?
For example: Author, I. Then include the last name and first initial of the second author.
For example: Allen a, b. To be published in Physical Review B. In the reference list, use the name Anonymous as the author.