Do not panic. Ask yourself: can your argument be saved with a few adjustments? Does the argument need to be re-constructed from scratch? If so, how can I recycle the information I've already begun to collect? Much will depend upon how confident you now feel about your argument. Follow your instincts: if the argument feels wrong, look for a better one.
It is better to start again than to write an essay that lacks conviction. If complete reconstruction is unavoidable, go back to '5.
Drawing up a Plan'. Writing the First Draft Having revised you argument and plan , it's time to write your essay. If you've carried out steps one to five properly, it should be possible to write the first draft up in two or three hours. An introduction should show how you intend to answer the question, by 1 indicating the line of argument you intend to take, by 2 giving an overview of the organisation of what follows, and by 3 indicating the sort of material or evidence you will be using.
It is an effective strategy, especially when writing a short essay, to begin with a bold, attention-grabbing, first sentence which shows the marker that you know what you are doing: that is, answer the question as briefly as possible with your first sentence. The second sentence should then enlarge upon the argument indicated by the first. Intelligent use of paragraphing is crucial to the success of an essay.
Often, it is best to organise the paragraphs so that each makes and defends a point or premise essential the argument of the essay. By 'premise' is meant a point which is part of and essential to the argument of the essay.
It must be entirely clear how your points fit into the argument: essays which meander around the topic leaving the marker to join the dots to comprise an answer are not acceptable, since they fail to demonstrate understanding. It is a good idea to use 'topic sentences' to signal the subject and make explicit the point of each paragraph. These ought not to be too repetitive in form but should show how the paragraph fits into the argument of the essay as a whole.
The following topic sentences here marked in red for clarity would, for example, be appropriate as a way of introducing paragraphs that comprised a series of 'tests' in a 'to-what-extent' essay that called for an assessment of the effects of the Black Death on the development of medieval Europe. It is also possible to assess the extent of the catastrophe by looking at the level of demand for land in the major urban centres.
In Genoa, for example, land prices fell sharply from a high in of The dramatic fall in the prices of land within urban centres implies an equally sharp fall in the numbers of people wanting to live in cities and, thus also, a sudden decline in the actual number of people living there. The picture conveyed by these financial records is scarcely representative, however, of the situation throughout Europe as a whole.
They bear witness to what happened in the more highly urbanised regions of Europe — that is, to what happened in northern Italy and in the Low Countries — and even in these regions, merely to the experience of those who dwelt in the towns themselves but not to that of rural people Such records remain scarce for the fourteenth century, but those that survive allow us to see that the plague could have devastating consequences in the countryside as well as in the cities It is better to avoid trying the explain everything in a single sentence: clusters of sentences that flow from one to another are much more effective!
Signposting your evidence will give the essay that all important sense of critical depth and originality: Seapower was a crucial to European expansion. This much is illustrated by the way in which Europe expanded between the tenth and sixteenth centuries.
Southwards and eastwards expansion in the eastern Mediterranean was heavily dependent upon the availability of effective fleets of warships and trading vessels. There were critical moments, such as in the late eleventh-century conquests of Sicily and Sardinia, when For example, the English exchequer suffered a grave financial crisis when King Henry VI, acting on a personal whim, gave away For instance, You need to give the marker a sense of where your opinions end and of where the supporting evidence begins.
But remember to vary your signposts: using the same phrase over and over again will distract and bore the reader. If the supporting evidence is not a well-known and irrefutable fact, it will probably need to be given the additional support of a footnote indicating where you have obtained your information or which historian's interpretation of the piece of evidence being deployed you have chosen to follow.
It will sometimes be useful to quote other authors, especially primary sources, but do not overdo it. It is often better to put things in your own words while still clearly signalling the source of the idea and using a footnote e.
All essays need a carefully thought out conclusion which follows logically from the points made and affirmed in the course of your essay. Finally, the Essay Writing Service from Oxbridge Essays is a reliable place to turn to for essay help. Our academics can help tweak your writing, or write a completely original, unplagiarised essay for you to use as inspiration in your own writing. You need to be willing to work hard, and to go above and beyond. Just reading the assigned work and writing solid assignments will, at best, get you a In fact, that's what Second-class degree classifications were designed for!
If you want to stand out from the crowd, you need to be prepared to go the extra mile. Find ways of understanding your subject matter more thoroughly. Craft an "angle" from which you can approach the topic in a memorable, original, and unique way. Most of all — and we really can't stress this enough — you need to be a gambler! You need to be willing to take risks, and be willing to put that safe, level assignment you were going to write on the line in pursuit of greater reward.
More on what this means below, but essentially you should be willing to take up positions that are controversial, sceptical and critical — and back them up! You should even be willing, once in a while, to fail to reach the lofty aspirations you've set yourself. If you've ever watched a professional poker player you'll know that even the best of them don't win every hand. What's important is that they're ahead when they leave the table!
What does a First-class essay look like? A lot of this stuff — risk-taking, depth of knowledge, and developing a unique "angle" — can sound pretty abstract. People marking essays may land on opposite sides of the fence where borderline cases are concerned. However, most agree with what a First-class essay looks like and can pinpoint features that set it apart.
Markers look for things like: An essay that matches the assignment brief. This may sound obvious, but did you really read the assignment brief? And when did you last read it? A First-class essay needs to show originality and creativity. But it also needs to prove that you can follow instructions. If you've been given guidance on what your essay needs to cover, make sure you follow this to the letter. Also, take note of the number and type of sources it needs to use, or any other instructions.
You can only do this if you revisit the brief repeatedly while writing. This will ensure you're still on the path you were originally pointed down and haven't gone off at a tangent. Writing a brilliant, original essay that doesn't meet the assignment brief is likely to be a frustrating waste of effort.
True, you may well still get sufficient credit for your originality. But you'll achieve far more marks if you shoot for originality and accuracy. A clear, well-defined, sophisticated argument. A First-class essay sets out its intentions its own criteria for success explicitly. By the end of your first couple of paragraphs, your reader should know a what you are hoping to accomplish, and b how you plan on accomplishing it.
Your central argument — or thesis — shapes everything else about your essay. So you need to make sure it's well-thought-out. For a First-class essay, this argument shouldn't just rehash the module material. It shouldn't regurgitate one the positions you've learned about in class.
It should build on one or more of these positions by interrogating them, bringing them into conflict or otherwise disrupting them. Solid support for every single argument. You don't just need to make a sophisticated argument; you need to support it as well. Be particularly careful to back up anything contentious with rigorous, logically consistent argumentation.
Undergraduates also often forget the need to effectively address counter-arguments to their own position. If there are alternative positions to the one you're taking and there almost always are , don't omit these from your essay.
Address them head-on by quoting their authors if they're established positions. Or, simply hypothesise alternative interpretations to your own. Explain why your position is more persuasive, logical, or better-supported than the alternatives. When done well, drawing attention to counter-arguments doesn't detract from your own argument. It enhances it by providing evidence of your capacity to reason in a careful, meticulous, sceptical and balanced way.
A logical structure that's appropriate to the task. Have you ever been asked to write a comparative essay, say on a couple of literary texts? And did you have lots to say about one of the texts but not much at all about the other? How did you approach that challenge? We've all written the "brain-dump" essay. You shape your work not around the question you're supposed to be answering, but around topic areas that you can comfortably write a lot about.
Your approach to a comparative essay may be to write words about the text you love, and tack words onto the end about the one you don't care for. If so, your mindset needs a bit of adjusting if you're going to get that First-class degree. A First-class essay always presents its arguments and its supporting evidence in the order and manner that's best suited to its overall goals.
Not according to what topic areas its author finds the most interesting or most comfortable to talk about. It can chafe if you feel you have more to offer on a particular topic than the assignment allows you to include. But balance and structural discipline are essential components of any good essay. Evidence of in-depth engagement and intellectual risk. Natural henry david thoreau apush co an introduction sample intros. Impressive objective resume intro paragraph examples ideas academic discursive compositions is matthew s infancy narrative formatting rest dissertation quizlet chronological topics personal profile conclusion for college thesis pearson prentice hall eteach guide using oral john thorn the official historian of major league baseball and better integrated approach learning my ways in ap world when god becomes rabbi abraham isaac conclusions article example university origins heilbrunn timeline art.
Helpful hints for writing a dbq ppt video online advice on how to write history essay in the ib visual analysis formal an art example. Ap guide historical essays signal words book review parts of apush test multiple choice questions distracters pictures wikihow.
Conclusion Sounds difficult? You may well find that decent ideas simply pop into your conscious mind at unexpected times. Take your time, look carefully at the wording of the question, and be certain in your own mind that you have thoroughly understood all its terms. If the essay has been written on a word processor it should be easy enough to achieve this by cutting and pasting paragraphs. You may respond, for example, by agreeing with the quotation in which case you will need to explain why agreement is the best response, why it would be wrong to disagree.
All history students should swear a similar oath: to answer the question, the whole question and nothing but the question.
Think now about the topics that especially interest you. Evidence of an emerging understanding of your role in knowledge creation.
On the other hand, it may be that some of the things Hitler did after coming to power shed valuable light on why he came to power in the first place.
Develop a contention All good history essays have a clear and strong contention. Circling the key words in the question is sometimes a helpful first step in working out exactly what you need to do. Whether you want a First in your next essay assignment at undergraduate or Masters level, or help getting a First in your next exam, our Essay Writing Service is designed to help you succeed.
Follow your instincts: if the argument feels wrong, look for a better one. You shape your work not around the question you're supposed to be answering, but around topic areas that you can comfortably write a lot about. Take your time, look carefully at the wording of the question, and be certain in your own mind that you have thoroughly understood all its terms. Here you give your carefully thought out definitions of the key terms, and here you establish the relevant time-frame and issues — in other words, the parameters of the question.