Westport, CT: Mecklermedia. Citing your source within the text As the name suggests, the citation in the text normally includes the name s surname only of the author s and the date of the publication.
Evaluation of alternative hypotheses to explain temperature-induced life history shifts in Daphnia. Lyme borreliosis : biology, epidemiology and control. The seminars that are often a part of humanities courses can provide opportunities for students to develop the communication and interpersonal skills that are valued by employers Lyon, Citing the availability of an electronic document should give the reader enough information to know where to locate the file and, if necessary, the specific portion of the file cited. Put in parentheses the author s last names, the year, and optionally the page number s separated by commas. Note that in the last two references above, it is the book title and the journal name that are italicised, not the title of the paper or article.
Kernis et al.
When using APA format, follow the author, date method of in-text citation. Google Earth 6. Westport, CT: Mecklermedia. London: Croom Helm.
Start at the left margin for the first line of each bibliography entry. When using APA format, follow the author, date method of in-text citation. The same general principles apply to the referencing of all published sources, but for specific conventions consult your departmental handbook or your tutor, or look at the more detailed reference books listed in the Further reading section of this guide. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation.
If you include the author's name s in the text of a sentence in the paper, you may omit their names from the parentheses as follows: "Austin includes valuable references to Note that in the last two references above, it is the book title and the journal name that are italicised, not the title of the paper or article. Put in parentheses the author s last names, the year, and optionally the page number s separated by commas. Rules for the formatting of the detailed references follow the same principles as for the reference lists for the 'author, date' system. Full details of how to use this system are provided by the School.
Some may come from electronic sources such as the World Wide Web, Melvyl and Harvest databases available through the UC Davis library, CD references and the like, and some may come from interviews. Doing so means you have to renumber all the references whenever you insert a new reference. Watson, L, and Dallwitz, M. For example: Walters, or Austin,
Landranger series, Sheet , , London. Full details of how to use this system are provided by the School.
In general, if you wish to cite an electronic file, you should include either the term "[Online]" or the term "[CDROM]" enclosed in square brackets before the closing period terminating the title of the work cited. Book title: subtitle. Last name s , initial s of the author s NB! A research paper requires searching for information pertinent to a given subject, organizing it, and presenting it effectively in written form. Article number Books, theses and reports Examples: Beletsky, L. Year, e.
FTP Blood, T. Author, Date, and Title The general format for the author, title, and date in your reference list is as follows: Author. To demonstrate you have considered others' research. Formatting references If you look carefully at all the examples of full references given above, you will see that there is a consistency in the ways in which punctuation and capitalisation have been used.