State your thesis. In many cases, the thesis is the last sentence of the introductory paragraph, but you may place it anywhere in the paragraph for reasons of style or in accordance with your professor's instructions. Review the main points of evidence you will cover later in the paper to support your thesis.
Background A. Problems of the Depression that the New Deal tried to solve 1. Sense of despair 2. Collapse of financial system 3. High unemployment III. Supporting Evidence A. Restored Public Confidence 1. Sense of Roosevelt's personal concern for people quotation from woman on FDR's first radio address 2. Flurry of government activity in "Hundred Days" B. Improved America's Financial Health 1. Bank Holiday 2. Reduced Unemployment 1. CCC put people to work at productive tasks such as building park facilities quotation from CCC worker 2.
Created Social Security 1. Provided immediate benefits to the elderly amount of assistance provided in first five years 2. Has become a cornerstone of financial security for senior citizens IV.
Contrary Evidence A. Did Not End the Depression 1. Conclusion Your conclusion should not be a rephrasing of your introductory paragraph. Although you should briefly summarize how the evidence supports your thesis and how it outweighs the contradictory evidence, you should also use the conclusion to consider the larger implications of your topic. For example, in this sample assignment, you might consider any or all of the following points: the legacy of the New Deal, the impact of World War II on the American economy, and the continued growth of social programs in postwar America.
This is all you need for an effective outline. It requires very little time to create, and can save you a great deal of time and plenty of aggravation when you write your paper. As you write, keep in mind the following list of writing tips that can improve your paper. Remember, though, that your professor is always the best person to ask if you have any questions or concerns. The thesis is the sentence that sums up the historical argument.
The Common Core State Standards list the claim, or thesis, as a key element of writing in the history classroom. Beginning, in 9th grade, students should start to develop counterclaims. A thesis is the central, core argument being made by the author. The thesis should provide the research paper with a point, or reason for presenting the evidence uncovered during the investigation of the topic.
Are a thesis statement and an introduction the same thing? The introduction presents the topic to the audience, defines the subject, period, and event or ideas to be discussed. The thesis statement makes clear to the reader exactly what is being argued by the author.
When formulating a thesis statement, the author should consider the following angles: What is it about this topic that is problematic? Few would argue with the idea that war brings upheaval. Your job throughout the paper is to provide evidence in support of your own case. Here is a revised version: Strong Thesis: The Revolution caused particular upheaval in the lives of women.
With men away at war, women took on full responsibility for running households, farms, and businesses. As a result of their increased involvement during the war, many women were reluctant to give up their new-found responsibilities after the fighting ended.
This is a stronger thesis because it says exactly what kind of upheaval the war wrought, and it makes a debatable claim. For example, a counterargument might be that most women were eager to return to the way life was before the war and thus did not try to usurp men's role on the home front. Or, someone could argue that women were already active in running households, farms, and businesses before the war, and thus the war did not mark a significant departure.
Any compelling thesis will have counterarguments. Writers try to show that their arguments are stronger than the counterarguments that could be leveled against them. A successful thesis statement is historically specific.
It does not make a broad claim about "American society" or "humankind," but is grounded in a particular historical moment. Weak Thesis: The Revolution had a negative impact on women because of the prevailing problem of sexism. Sexism is a vague word that can mean different things in different times and places. In order to answer the question and make a compelling argument, this thesis needs to explain exactly what attitudes toward women were in early America, and how those attitudes negatively affected women in the Revolutionary period.
Strong Thesis: The Revolution had a negative impact on women because of the belief that women lacked the rational faculties of men. Keeps the reader focused on your argument. Signals to the reader your main points. Engages the reader in your argument. Tips for Writing a Good Thesis Find a Focus: Choose a thesis that explores an aspect of your topic that is important to you, or that allows you to say something new about your topic.
Look for Pattern: After determining a general focus, go back and look more closely at your evidence. As you re-examine your evidence and identify patterns, you will develop your argument and some conclusions. For example, you might find that as industrialization increased, women made fewer textiles at home, but retained their butter and soap making tasks.
Strategies for Developing a Thesis Statement Idea 1. If your paper assignment asks you to answer a specific question, turn the question into an assertion and give reasons for your opinion. Assignment: How did domestic labor change between and ? Why were the changes in their work important for the growth of the United States?
After reading your thesis statement, the reader should think, "This essay is going to try to convince me of something. State your thesis clearly and concisely.
Perkins served as FDR's secretary of labor.
A thesis should never be vague, combative or confrontational. Improved America's Financial Health 1. Thesis Statements What is a thesis statement?
Search the catalog at Swem Library and electronic databases. It does not make a broad claim about "American society" or "humankind," but is grounded in a particular historical moment. Focusing upon them and arguing for their preeminence as causal factors would constitute a thesis for your paper. In order to answer the question and make a compelling argument, this thesis needs to explain exactly what attitudes toward women were in early America, and how those attitudes negatively affected women in the Revolutionary period. Finally, indicate where you will conclude your essay. Any compelling thesis will have counterarguments.
Take notes that will help you in formulating a thesis and creating an outline. Some examples might include statistics on the number of people employed in New Deal programs, and firsthand accounts of people who benefited from participation in those programs.
Do I agree with the scholarship? Collapse of financial system 3. This thesis requires further revision. Is my thesis historically specific? Just because the thesis comes towards the beginning of your paper does not mean you can write it first and then forget about it. Created Social Security 1.
After you have made your initial determination and formulated an argument, these notes will then help you to form the body of your essay.