A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position. Can you see the difference between them? When you write a comparison and contrast essay, you need to be aware of what the question is asking. Is it asking for the comparison of two different things or is it asking you to describe advantage and disadvantage of one thing?
Compare aspects of two subjects. Compare the advantage and disadvantage of one subject. Introductory paragraph Gives an overview of comparison and your personal opinion if the question asks you.
Gives an overview of advantage and disadvantage and your personal opinion if the question asks you. Body paragraph A Compare and contrast both two subject in one aspect. Discuss the advantage of the subject. Body paragraph B Compare and contrast both two subject in another aspect.
Discuss the disadvantage of the subject. Conclusion paragraph Give a summary of comparisons between two opinions and restate your personal opinion if the question asks you.
Summarize the advantage and disadvantage, and include a reinstatement of your personal opinion if the question asks you. As you can see, the major difference is how you write your two body paragraphs. When the question is asking you to compare aspects of two subjects, each body paragraph compares and contrasts two subjects in one aspect. When the question is asking you to compare pros and cons of one subject, your first body paragraph discusses the advantage and your second body paragraph discusses the disadvantages.
We'll look at how you can score high in each scoring criteria. An easier criteria to score high in is how you organize and structure an essay. Introduction The introductory paragraph contains the general background information about the essay topic and a thesis statement.
A thesis statement includes your main opinion on the essay topic and a preview of your key points which you will be developing in the body paragraphs. Body A Body B Body C Each body paragraph is used to explain one key point you introduced in the introduction paragraph. Generally speaking, a high scoring essay has 3 body paragraphs, but if you find yourself running out of time, you can just write 2. Introduction The conclusion paragraph summarize each of your key points.
It contains a restatement of the thesis statement you wrote in your introduction and a brief summary of your main ideas. This 5 paragraph structure approach can be used for 5 out of the 6 essay question types.
How to write a high-scoring introductory paragraph - Part 1 How to write a high-scoring introductory paragraph - Part 2 How to write a high-scoring body paragraph How to write a high-scoring conclusion paragraph Sign up for a 7 day free trial to access this lesson.
Each of your essays is given a score from 0 to 5. Your combined essay scores are converted to a section score of 0 to There are four basic criteria on which your essay is evaluated. These four criteria are: How well you address the topic. How well you develop and support your ideas. How well you organize the essay and connect your ideas. How well you use the English language, including grammar, vocabulary, and writing conventions. These four criteria are: How well you select important information from the lecture.
How well you relate the lecture points to the reading points. How well you organize the essay and provide details How well you use the English language, including grammar, vocabulary, and writing conventions. Chances are a good English writer already has years of experience writing English and using English in their daily life. If you are not a good English writer, do not get frustrated.
The good news is that you only need to be able to write well on TOEFL independent and integrated tasks. To write well, first you need to read good essays so your brain has a database of good English structures and vocabulary you can use when writing.
That being said, we recommend that you read and learn from our sample essays as much as possible. When learning these sample essays, do not just memorize them, but study how a paragraph is formed with different sentence structures, what words are used, and what main ideas are included. The more you study, the more your writing skills will improve. The next time you write about a similar topic, you will be able to utilize them in your writing and add your own ideas.
If you are not a good writer, spend at least an hour a day practicing independent writing and integrated writing tasks. Question 28 Some people prefer to eat at food stands or restaurants.
Other people prefer to prepare and eat food at home. Question 29 Some people believe that university students should be required to attend classes. Others believe that going to classes should be optional for students. Which point of view do you agree with?
Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer. Through such life experiences people become stronger, wiser and more responsible. From a social perspective, we live in an interdependent world which imposes its obligations on us. Each person belongs to diverse social groups and plays various social roles. Each of us has to attend birthday parties, weddings and funerals to show we care about our fellow human beings. Participating in events for the sake of others teaches us to go beyond our own selfish needs and to share in the joys and sorrows of others.
Which viewpoint do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer Some people believe that advertisements lure us to purchase goods that are not of necessity. Others are of the view that advertising has a positive role to play in modern society, helping us choose between competing goods. In my opinion, I strongly believe that advertising encourages consumers to buy unwanted items for three compelling reasons.
Background Information: Some people believe that advertisements lure us to purchase goods that are not of necessity. Thesis Statement: In my opinion, I strongly believe that advertising encourages consumers to buy unwanted items for three compelling reasons To begin with, advertising creates unrealistic expectations about products with exaggerated and misleading claims.
For instance, advertisements for prescription drugs create unrealistic expectations about the effectiveness of the drugs and its side-effects. In these kinds of advertisements, the visual images only show healthy, happy people. It never truly shows the actual downside effects of the drugs. Similarly, beauty and health products may not live up to their promises, resulting in wasted consumer dollars. Disclaimers are often hidden in very small print on product packaging and in out-of-the way spots in ads.
A transition statement: To begin with Topic sentence: Advertising creates unrealistic expectations about products with exaggerated and misleading claims.
Secondly, multinational corporations create meticulously crafted ads to entice consumers to purchase their products. Moreover, vigorous advertising campaigns are promoted across a plethora of channels such as TV, billboards, online and so on to grab consumer attention to purchase goods that may be of no need to them. Consequently, people become more materialistic as advertising compounds their desire to own more items.
A transition statement: Secondly Topic sentence: Multinational corporations create meticulously crafted ads to entice consumers to purchase their products. Lastly, people cannot just choose to ignore advertising because advertisers use many underhand methods to get their message across.
Posters have attention grabbing words, or provocative pictures. Furthermore, some advertisements today are even being hidden in what seem like pieces or art or public information. As a consequence, people don't realize they are being marketed to. A transition statement: Lastly Topic sentence: People cannot just choose to ignore advertising because advertisers use many underhand methods to get their message across.
In addition, ads created by big corporations are often exaggerated, making us buy goods that are not of necessity. Finally, because of many underhand methods advertisers use in ads, we are taken away our freedoms to make choices. After reading the passage, you will then listen to a lecture on the same topic.
Children should be required to help with household tasks.
Write a clear opinion or position on an issue.
You might have to choose something to explain, or you might be given something specific to explain. From a social perspective, we live in an interdependent world which imposes its obligations on us. If you are not a good writer, spend at least an hour a day practicing independent writing and integrated writing tasks. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
Rather than pursuing hobbies, people are more likely to spend time pursuing artificial relationships they established online. Use specific reasons and details to explain your choice.
Firstly, people are losing sight of the importance that meals can have to families and friends, which is clearly not an improvement to life. Discuss the disadvantage of the subject. Body A Body B Body C Each body paragraph is used to explain one key point you introduced in the introduction paragraph. Body paragraph A Compare and contrast both two subject in one aspect.
Luck has nothing to do with success. He frames this idea as people losing touch with the real world, losing genuine relationships, and social skills.
You have only three minutes to read the text which amount is words. Looking over the rubrics for both these essays and understanding what graders will be looking for can help you understand what to include in your own essays. A transition statement: To begin with Topic sentence: Advertising creates unrealistic expectations about products with exaggerated and misleading claims. A thesis statement is your main opinion on the essay topic, and it also includes a preview of your key points in which you will develop in your body paragraphs. Without a conclusion, readers will feel like you just decided to stop writing, or that you ran out of time.