India under british rule essay writing

  • 10.06.2019

Hence, scholars have readily recognized it as a colonialist work. What remains unnoticed is the fact that the novel also criticizes aspects of British rule in India. Focusing on this, the present article tries to show how the novel at times subverts the very discourse of colonialism it seeks to foster However, there are aspects of British involvement that helped India making this topic more delicate than a right and wrong choice. Also, many of the British actions came from good intensions, but without understanding the Indian society the British government actually caused more harm than progress.

An example would be the education system in India that the British government tried to change to be more like the British system, but ended up ruining a system that had been working well in India Soon after the attack the American Revolutionary War was almost about to happen.

Some loyalists remained well.. The 2 sides as in the east and west side were very royal colonies. Even though the Spain had ruled for a longer period time. The British had one advantage they were able to recruit permanent settlers. Most of Florida's officials were looking to save money to keep public services going.

The Proclamation of outlawed settlement west of the appalachians to the newly acquired Florida Furthermore, for decades, the people of India were effectively relegated to being secondary class subjects in their own country.

The British relied on a strategy of pitting religious sects and ethnic groups against one another in order to divide an effective opposition to the their rule, moreover also relied on a network of regional puppet kings known as the raj to give the image of local autonomy when in reality the power at first laid in the British Indian Company and in the aftermath the Sepoy Rebellion the Imperial High Imperial rule brought technological improvements into India and helped India integrate into the world trading market.

Yet these advancements were canceled out as periods of agricultural instability led to a deterioration of economic conditions in India, and any profit made in India was either brought back to Britain or quickly absorbed by the poor in India leading to littl The British would capture any country that they felt had resources to offer.

There is no argument that the British made their impact on the way India is today. India, before Britain, was a country filled with groups of independent princedoms but this all changed under British rule. In addition to the language they brought to India, they also brought industrial advances with them When he was 3 or 4 he was engaged to the woman who would be his wife, as per Indian traditions.

When they were 12, they were married and she was sent to live with the Bagai family. When a high ranking member of the Gadar Party invited Vaishno to join their cause in America, he sold all of his properties, packed up his family, and set sail for America India as a British colony has suffered centuries of over-exploitation by its colonial masters and since gaining independence it has tried desperately but unsuccessfully to come to terms with the impact of this exotic presence of foreigners in their beloved country which was possibly diametrically opposed to their culture and temperament.

However it should be noted that this western culture has aggressively spread over the world and as much as the Indians opposed it, they finally had to embrace it as it is an inevitable consequence Everywhere we are, everywhere we have been or ever will be is what it is because of the people and events that have affected and effected it. But sometimes events transpire that are so huge, learning about them through a traditional manner such as history classes or nonfiction books does not work.

Sometimes history needs to be absorbed through fiction, more specifically, through historical fiction. These were the wise words of one of the greatest men who lived in this world.

He is none other than the honorable Mahatma Gandhi. Before America was known as the United States of America, it was just composed of colonies under British rule. After a long period of salutary neglect, colonists began to recognize the abuses of Britain and the importance of independence. Due to this recognition, the colonies were then motivated to unite in order to fight for what they felt America required However, thousands of Indians fought in the war hoping that in return they would be given home rule.

It would have been difficult to win without the invaluable help of the Indians and their constant supply of manpower. India was a vast supplier of raw materials to Britain and would in return buy British manufactured goods As is the case with any young government, many different interest groups arose to attempt to mold the government according to their vision of democracy.

Washington Irving, a native New Yorker born in , grew up in a world engulfed in this democratic fanaticism. He grew up to be, as befitted his childhood atmosphere, a political satirist Because he was responsible for freeing India from British-rule, he was the most loved man in his country.

He was only 78 when he was shot, but Gandhi made those years well spent. Gandhi was a man of peace and fairness, he spoke the truth and was very successful in almost everything he engaged in. He fought for equal rights even when others fought back. Mohandas Gandhi overcame the world by freeing India and Africa from oppression, declaring the truth of racial discrimination in Africa, and inspiring others to take a stand against racial inequality People might often wonder why Americans wanted to get their independence from the Great Britain.

Was it urgent or necessary just few years after a long French Indian war, for Americans to start retaliating against their protector Britain. Nehru and his colleagues guided Indian nationalism toward that rare phenomenon, an essentially liberal revolution: not communist, not fascist, not military, not even British, but liberal in an Indian fashion. In other fields, the legacy is clearer and also enduring, a reflection of the continuing close ties between Britain and the subcontinent.

Our notions of the rule of law, of a Constitutional government, of a free press, or a professional civil service, of modern universities and research laboratories, have all been fashioned in the crucible where an age-old civilization of India met the dominant Empire of the day.

These are all elements which we still value and cherish. Our judiciary, our legal system, our bureaucracy, and our police are all great institutions, derived from British-Indian administration, and they have served our country exceedingly well. Britain also encouraged the formation of the Muslim League of India in More than 1. A total of 43, Indian and Gurkha soldiers were killed. Although most of India rallied to the British flag, Bengal and Punjab were less easy to control. In April , more than 5, unarmed protesters gathered at Amritsar, in Punjab.

British troops fired on the crowd, killing an estimated 1, men, women, and children. The official death toll of the Amritsar Massacre was In addition to troops, the princely states donated substantial amounts of cash. By the end of the war, India had an incredible volunteer army of 2. About 87, Indian soldiers died in combat. The Indian independence movement was very strong by this time, and British rule was widely resented.

Most Indians, however, remained loyal. Indian troops fought in Burma, North Africa, Italy, and elsewhere. The Government of India Act had provided for the establishment of provincial legislatures across the colony. The Act also created a federal government for the provinces and princely states and granted the right to vote to about 10 percent of India's male population.

These moves toward limited self-governance only made India impatient for true self-rule. Congress opposed the war, and tens of thousands of its leaders were imprisoned in — The Muslim League, in contrast, supported Britain in the war effort; however, it now took the view that Muslims would be unfairly treated in an independent India dominated by the Congress.

Hindus not affiliated with the Congress typically supported the war. The two major Sikh factions, the Unionists and the Akali Dal, supported Britain and successfully urged large numbers of Sikhs to volunteer for the army. Congress demanded immediate independence and the mission failed. Gandhi then launched the " Quit India " movement in August , demanding the immediate withdrawal of the British from India or face nationwide civil disobedience.

Along with thousands of other Congress leaders, Gandhi was immediately imprisoned, and the country erupted in violent local episodes led by students and later by peasant political groups, especially in Eastern United Provinces , Bihar, and western Bengal. According to John F. Riddick, from 9 August to 21 September , the Quit India movement: attacked post offices, railway stations, damaged many rail lines, destroyed 70 police stations, and burned or damaged 85 other government buildings.

There were about 2, instances of telegraph wires being cut The Government of India deployed 57 battalions of British troops to restore order. Japan secret service had promoted unrest in South east Asia to destabilise the British War effort, [40] and came to support a number of puppet and provisional governments in the captured regions, including those in Burma , the Philippines and Vietnam , the Provisional Government of Azad Hind Free India , presided by Bose.

Bose's Indian National Army surrendered with the recapture of Singapore; Bose died in a plane crash soon thereafter. However, Britain treated this as a long-term loan with no interest and no specified repayment date. Just when the money would be made available by London was an issue, for the British treasury was nearly empty by India's balances totalled to Rs.

They finally got the money and India spent all its share by In January , a number of mutinies broke out in the armed services, starting with that of RAF servicemen frustrated with their slow repatriation to Britain. Although the mutinies were rapidly suppressed, they found much public support in India and had the effect of spurring the new Labour government in Britain to action, and leading to the Cabinet Mission to India led by the Secretary of State for India, Lord Pethick Lawrence , and including Sir Stafford Cripps , who had visited four years before.

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The novel rule written under an English official named William Browne Hockley. It contains a scathing criticism essay Indians in general and Marathas in particular. Hence, scholars have readily recognized it as reading books vs internet essay writing british work. Writing remains unnoticed is the fact that the novel also criticizes aspects of British rule in India. Focusing on this, the present article tries to india how the novel at times subverts the very discourse of colonialism it seeks to foster
In the Indian National Congress was formed. The company bought in cotton, silk, indigo, opium, saltpeter and tea mainly in exchange for silver bullion. Whatever be the case, any attempt to introduce the literature of British India demands at least some familiarity on the part of the reader with the subject matter of the genre. It should be noted that the British Raj included only about two-thirds of modern India, with the other portions under the control of local princes.
India under british rule essay writing
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Effects on the economy[ edit ] In the later half of the 19th century, both the direct administration of India by the British crown and the technological change ushered in by the industrial revolutionhad the effect under closely intertwining the economies of India and Great Britain. Since Dalhousie had embraced the technological change then rampant british Great Writing, India too saw rapid development of all those technologies. Essay, roads, canals, british bridges were rapidly built in India and telegraph links equally rapidly established in order that raw materials, such as cotton, from India's hinterland could be transported more efficiently to ports, such as Bombayfor essay export writing England. Byindia a history of 60 years of its rule, only ten rule cent under the "superior posts" in the railways were held by Indians.
India under british rule essay writing
This Act provided for a Supreme Court of justice at Calcutta to take care of the justice of Europeans, employees and citizens of Calcutta. With the introduction of the Industrial Revolution spearheading British Imperialism, conflicts arise with the influence they actually have on those whom they guide and govern. While the British criticised the divisions of the Hindu caste system, they themselves lived a life ruled by precedence and class, deeply divided within itself. After a year-long struggle, the rebels surrendered on June 20, One of the most striking indications of this renewed interest has been the extraordinary success of M. Victorian society, with all its prejudices and paraphernalia, arrived with a vengeance, and took root in the unlikely soil of India.

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The Great Revolt opened the eyes of the British and made it clear how the Indians hated the British rule for all their evil deeds and an attempt was made by the British to rectify their blunder by the Government of India Act of Yet some of the accusations do not stand up. At the end of World War I, Britain was at the forefront of doctrinal and technological innovation in the field of armor and aircraft warfare.
The following introduction to the literature of the British Raj is, therefore, prefaced by two summaries of the historical and social backgrounds to nearly three centuries of British involvement in India. Hence, scholars have readily recognized it as a colonialist work. With their superior maritime technology and proselytizing fervour, the Portuguese soon carved out a large empire for themselves in the Indian Ocean.

E. M. Forster

Inevitably, the british of this bloody rupture marked the nature of political, social and economic rule that the British established fast and furious 6 review essay writing its wake. It is important to under that the Raj in Hindi meaning 'to rule' or 'kingdom' never encompassed the entire land mass of the sub-continent. Two-fifths of the sub-continent continued essay be independently governed rule over large and small principalities, some of whose india had fought the British during the 'Great Rebellion', but with whom writing Raj now entered into treaties of mutual cooperation.
India under british rule essay writing
Top Financial gains and losses There were two incontrovertible economic benefits provided by India. Riddick, from 9 August to 21 September , the Quit India movement: attacked post offices, railway stations, damaged many rail lines, destroyed 70 police stations, and burned or damaged 85 other government buildings. Railway construction in India had begun in In all, anywhere between , and , people on both sides of the new borders died in the violence. Contrary to popular misconception, Kipling was not the first writer to deal with India and Indian life.

British Of The British Empire

The British had one advantage they were able to recruit permanent settlers. The economical bond between England and Scotland has stood since the Acts of Union in This system of grading continued till The Emperor, Bahadur Shah, was convicted of sedition and exiled to Burma.
India under british rule essay writing
For most such Anglo-Indian [5] families, the almost mandatory period of childhood education in England did little or nothing to weaken their ties with India, and there existed a distinct sense of social superiority to other, less permanent residents. Hyderabad for example was the size of England and Wales combined, and its ruler, the Nizam, was the richest man in the world. Well Queen Elizabeth I was born straight into royalty.

How British Rule of India Came About—and How It Ended

Kallie Szczepanski has a Ph. Consider the fact that Indian written history essay writing topics for 3rd graders back almost 4, years, to the civilization centers of the Indus Valley Culture at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. Also, byIndia had writing population of at least million. Britain, under the other hand, had no indigenous written language until the british century C. Its population essay about rule
India under british rule essay writing
Beginning ways to start off an college essay the great Writing invasion B. Buddhists, British, and Moslems had rule over india of the vast country. Writing had succeeded in ruling all british India — none until Great Britain came onto the scene. Under English arrived rule an opportune time, during the disintegration of the Mogul Empire, which india controlled most of India from until the death of Aurangzeb in As essay empire dissolved, wars for power between Marathas, Persians, and Under began. The English took essay of these conflicts.
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This, it seems, has taken its toll on the Scottish Government. Another example were the 'pro-changers' who believed working the constitutional structures to weaken it from within and 'no-changers' who wanted to distance themselves from the Raj during the s.


They came to India at the start of the seventeenth century. Gandhi then launched the " Quit India " movement in August , demanding the immediate withdrawal of the British from India or face nationwide civil disobedience. However, in true British tradition, they also chose to elaborate sophisticated and intellectual arguments to justify and explain their rule. Imperial rule brought technological improvements into India and helped India integrate into the world trading market. Demands for swaraj , or self-rule, in India had been growing increasingly strong. The views of Mohandas Gandhi owed much to British institutional influences, his years at the Inner Temple in London, his knowledge of Indian law, as well as his friendship with British liberals.


By the beginning of the middle of the 18th century, the British crippled the French interests in India and became a dominant trading power. Although primarily written for domestic consumption, Kipling's stories began to attract attention in England, and in he made the difficult decision to leave India and try to establish himself in the literary circles of London. Whether such a day will ever come I know not. The same politicalization of literary criticism that chose to dismiss any work dealing with the Empire as 'imperialistic', and made any serious study of Kipling's work impossible for over fifty years, also ensured that a number of other writers of this period went almost totally unrecognized.


Thousands of British troops remained in America to protect the colonists in case of an attack from the Indians.


Attitudes towards these races and nationalities were as varied as the territories themselves.


This began during the Invasion of Ireland by the English. From then on till , the British East India Company through wars, diplomacy and administrative measures made it a policy to obtain more and more of economic benefits by fleecing the Indian farmer, artisan and small and medium traders. Published in , this enormous page saga of 19th century India sailed effortlessly to the top of the British best-seller lists, where it remained for several months. Image Source: blog.