The book covers the important elementary information, clearly discussing such things as the purpose and basic structure of an argument; the difference between an argument and an explanation; validity; soundness; and the distinctions between an inductive and a deductive argument in accessible terms in the first chapter. It also does a good job introducing and discussing informal fallacies Chapter 4.
The incorporation of opportunities to evaluate real-world arguments is also very effective. Chapter 2 also covers a number of formal methods of evaluating arguments, such as Venn Diagrams and Propositional logic and the four basic truth functional connectives, but to my mind, it is much more thorough in its treatment of Informal Logic and Critical Thinking skills, than it is of formal logic.
Accuracy rating: 4 Overall, Van Cleave's book is error-free and unbiased. The language used is accessible and engaging. There were no glaring inaccuracies that I was able to detect. And we'd really like you to participate in the discussion forums.
We encourage peer learning. And much of that will take place in the discussion forums. We'll keep an eye on those forums. But they won't be extensively moderated. Make sure your comments are constructive and respond to the content of the arguments, not to the individual.
We'll see that one of the common errors is what we call the ad hominem fallacy-- attacking the person, not the argument.
And of course, we don't want to do that. The point of promoting a friendly, respectful, and inclusive tone is to encourage you to become involved and to feel free to say what you think. So do take that opportunity. And while Tim doesn't know what trolling is, I do. And it won't be tolerated. Well, that's the formalities out of the way. We'll talk about the problems, of course, that critical thinking might address and what you learn from the course.
So get ready for an interesting trip through the tangle of logical and critical thinking and to learn some important things along the way. Introduction to the course This course aims to help you develop and improve your logical and critical thinking skills and to identify common obstacles to effective logical and critical thinking.
The key concepts are illustrated with real-life examples via a combination of videos, articles and interactive exercises. Is learning about logic and how to properly construct arguments really important?
Most people may not need such skills in their day-to-day lives, but the truth is that almost everyone will benefit from learning how to think more critically. This does not only apply to our own beliefs, but also to all the ideas and claims that we regularly encounter. Without the right mental tools, we have little hope of reliably separating truth from falsehood.
Unskilled and Unaware Everyone makes mistakes. Quite often, what is most important is the ability to first recognize our mistakes and then what we do about it. Unfortunately, there are fields where the worse a person is, the less likely they are to even recognize that they have made mistakes , much less will be able to fix them.
Indeed, they are actually likely to accuse those who know more of being the ones who are wrong. Critical thinking and logic are one of these fields. Many people imagine that they are already quite good at it and thus don't believe that they need to learn more. This prevents them from ever improving. What Is Logic? People use words like "logic" and "logical" a lot, often without really understanding what they mean.
It's not simply about criticizing ideas, it is about developing the ability to think about ideas with greater critical distance. If you want to better evaluate the various claims, ideas, and arguments you encounter, you need a better understanding of basic logic and the process of critical thinking. The term "critical thinking" is used often but it isn't always properly understood. It's not a matter of opinion, it's a science of how arguments must be formed in order to be reasonable or correct. Without it, it's too easy for us to fall into error.
In Week 3 we will learn how to distinguish between deductive and non-deductive arguments and about validity, invalidity, strength and weakness. And of course, we don't want to do that. The language used is accessible and engaging.
Updated April 13, Logic is the science of how to evaluate arguments and reasoning. This is a problem because disagreements can't be resolved if those involved don't recognize what their disagreement is really about - or worse yet, actually disagree on what they disagree about.
In weeks five to seven, we will see how these tools are applied in science, law, and morality. Many of these exercises encourage students to critique issues, and recognize their own inherent reader-biases and challenge their own beliefs--hallmarks of critical thinking. You can search to see if other learners have been talking about a particular topic on a step, and if not then you can be the first to discuss it. But to really develop proper logical and critical thinking skills, you will want to be much more involved in the course, to complete the quizzes, to work on the various exercises and activities that we've prepared for you. The label is also applicable to the efforts of corporations to buy their products, to apologists trying to get people to adopt their religion and many other situations.
Critical thinking is a means for separating truth from falsehood and reasonable from unreasonable beliefs. The course will last eight weeks. This is part of a trial to see if it helps you find better conversations. Many of these exercises encourage students to critique issues, and recognize their own inherent reader-biases and challenge their own beliefs--hallmarks of critical thinking.
The teaching team Course Mentor Mark Tan. Introduction to the course This course aims to help you develop and improve your logical and critical thinking skills and to identify common obstacles to effective logical and critical thinking.
It frequently involves finding flaws in the arguments of others, but that's not all that it's about. View transcript Skip to 0 minutes and 14 seconds Welcome to the University of Auckland's Critical Thinking course. Many of these exercises encourage students to critique issues, and recognize their own inherent reader-biases and challenge their own beliefs--hallmarks of critical thinking.
It's not a matter of opinion, it's a science of how arguments must be formed in order to be reasonable or correct. In Week 2 Patrick introduces arguments. You could do the course by what we might call the minimal route-- just watching the videos and reading the articles. There were no glaring inaccuracies that I was able to detect. And there are corresponding exercises which go with them. And much of that will take place in the discussion forums.