Appropriate citation has two components. You must both follow the proper citation style in your footnotes and bibliography, and document always but only when such documentation is required. Remember that you need to cite not just direct quotations, but any ideas that are not your own. Inappropriate citation is considered plagiarism.
For more information about how and when to cite, visit our section on citations. Revise your draft. After you have completed an entire first draft, move on to the revision stage. Think about revising on two levels: the global and the local. The global level refers to the argument and evidence in your paper, while the local level refers to the individual sentences.
Your first priority should be revising at the global level, because you need to make sure you are making a compelling and well-supported argument. A particularly helpful exercise for global-level revision is to make a reverse outline, which will help you look at your paper as a whole and strengthen the way you have organized and substantiated your argument. Print out your draft and number each of the paragraphs.
Then, on a separate piece of paper, write down each paragraph number and, next to it, summarize in a phrase or a sentence the main idea of that paragraph. As you produce this list, notice if any paragraphs attempt to make more than one point: mark those for revision.
Once you have compiled the list, read it over carefully. Study the order in which you have sequenced your ideas. Notice if there are ideas that seem out of order or repetitive. Look for any gaps in your logic.
Does the argument flow and make sense? When revising at the local level, check that you are using strong topic sentences and transitions, that you have adequately integrated and analyzed quotations, and that your paper is free from grammar and spelling errors that might distract the reader or even impede your ability to communicate your point.
One helpful exercise for revising on the local level is to read your paper out loud. Hearing your paper will help you catch grammatical errors and awkward sentences. Here is a checklist of questions to ask yourself while revising on both the global and local levels: - Does my thesis clearly state my argument and its significance?
Remember, start revising at the global level. Once you are satisfied with your argument, move onto the local level. Put it all together: the final draft.
After you have finished revising and have created a strong draft, set your paper aside for a few hours or overnight. When you revisit it, go over the checklist in Step 8 one more time. Read your paper out loud again too, catching any errors you might have missed before. At this stage in the process, you need to make sure you have taken care of all the details. Your paper needs to have a title that does not just announce the topic of the paper, but gives some indication of your argument.
Reread the paper assignment and make sure you have met all of the professor's requirements: Do you need page numbers? A separate title page? Will you submit your paper electronically or in hard copy? Have you followed all of the stated formatting guidelines such as font-size and margins? Is your bibliography appropriately formatted? Are there statistics? Do you need personal letters? What background information should be included?
Then if you do not know how to find that particular kind of information, ASK. A reference librarian or professor is much more likely to be able to steer you to the right sources if you can ask a specific question such as "Where can I find statistics on the number of interracial marriages? If Carleton does not have the books or sources you need, try ordering through the library minitex. Many sources are also available on-line. As your research paper takes shape you will find that you need background on people, places, events, etc.
Do not just rely on some general survey for all of your background. Check the several good dictionaries of biography for background on people, or see if there is a standard book-length biography. If you are dealing with a legal matter check into the background of the judges who make the court decision and the circumstances surrounding the original incident or law. Try looking for public opinions in newspapers of the time. In other words, each bit of information you find should open the possibility of other research paths.
Learn to use several research techniques. You cannot count on a good research paper coming from browsing on one shelf at the library. A really pertinent book may be hidden in another section of the library due to classification quirks. The Readers' Guide Ref. R4 is not the only source for magazine articles, nor the card catalog for books. There are whole books which are listings of other books on particular topics.
There are specialized indexes of magazine articles. S62 and the Humanities Index Ref. See also Historical Abstracts Ref. Reference Librarians would love to help you learn to use these research tools. Your thesis can be a few sentences long, but should not be longer than a paragraph. Do not begin to state evidence or use examples in your thesis paragraph.
Provides a "hook" on which you can "hang" your topic sentences. Can and should be revised as you further refine your evidence and arguments.
New evidence often requires you to change your thesis. Gives your paper a unified structure and point. Keeps the reader focused on your argument.
Signals to the reader your main points. Engages the reader in your argument. Tips for Writing a Good Thesis Find a Focus: Choose a thesis that explores an aspect of your topic that is important to you, or that allows you to say something new about your topic. Look for Pattern: After determining a general focus, go back and look more closely at your evidence.
As you re-examine your evidence and identify patterns, you will develop your argument and some conclusions. For example, you might find that as industrialization increased, women made fewer textiles at home, but retained their butter and soap making tasks. Strategies for Developing a Thesis Statement Idea 1. Competent Experts You can hire our licensed smart writers and editors who will prepare any types of papers according to the latest academic standards.
Instant Response We clarify every inquiry and provide you with the rapid feedback, because we care about your time and satisfaction Please Write My History Essay for Me! When you are assigned to write a history paper, it is useful to ask several questions at first. They will help you to organize your thoughts and to create a deep, logical, and well-structured academic paper. Rarely a person can write well without planning and preparation.
Some college and university students prefer to write outlines where they can describe in details each step. It will also be helpful when you start checking your paper. You may discover mistakes and inaccuracies more easily.
Why do you need history paper writing help? So, the first question you should answer will probably sound like this: What should I write my history academic paper on?
It is undoubtedly important to find a good topic for your paper. Try to choose something which is close to your interests. At the same time, an apt topic should not be vague or puzzling, it should have a specific purpose. Choosing a topic is one of the most crucial parts of writing an essay, a research paper, a thesis paper, or a dissertation.
For more information about annotating sources, visit our section on annotated bibliographies. No one should pick a topic without trying to figure out how one could discover pertinent information, nor should anyone settle on a topic before getting some background information about the general area. Idea 4. The article, titled "Shape-shifting and Storytelling in Hispaniola," can be read by clicking the Then, annotate them. Visit the library's History Research Guide for tips on the research process and on using library resources.
It will help you decide what kinds of evidence might be pertinent to your question, and it can also twist perceptions of a topic.
Keep on writing. How can you use this evidence? A helpful way to hone in on the key question is to look for action verbs, such as "analyze" or "investigate" or "formulate. The Second Draft: The "second draft" is a fully re-thought and rewritten version of your paper. For more information about annotating sources, visit our section on annotated bibliographies.
History papers are driven by arguments.
Unspecific thesis: "Eleanor Roosevelt was a strong leader as First Lady. It will help you decide what kinds of evidence might be pertinent to your question, and it can also twist perceptions of a topic.
The sub-questions are designed to help you think about the topic. So, the first question you should answer will probably sound like this: What should I write my history academic paper on?